Some new coordination polymers have been synthesized by combining adipyl bis-biuret and azelyl bis-biuret with metals of first transition series viz Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II). They were characterized by elemental analysis, infrared and reflectance spectral and magnetic studies. A detailed thermal study was carried out and thermal stability compared. The results obtained have been discussed.
Authors:S. Tripathi, R. Kannan, P. Dhami, P. Naik, S. Munshi, P. Dey, N. Salvi, and S. Chattopadhyay
The improvement and the refinement of non-viable Rhizopus arrhizus biomass were investigated via immobilization. Immobilization was carried out by using sodium alginate/CaCl2 solution and formaldehyde/HCl cross-linking with dead Rhizopus arrhizus biomass and were used for the sorption of radionuclides from low level effluent wastes. The sodium alginate/CaCl2 immobilized biomass (ratio 1:2) showed about 86% sorption for 241Am activity but due to its soft nature and tendency to undergo distortion in shape, is unsuitable for practical applications.
The biomass cross-linked with 15% formaldehyde/0.1 M HCl solution has a relatively high mechanical strength and rigidity.
It was showing a sorption of >99% for 241Am activity and has the sorption capacity of ~65 mg/g for americium and uranium. Hence, it can be utilized for the removal
of radionuclides from radioactive waste effluents.
Authors:C. Kedari, M. Kumar, S. Tripathi, A. Dakshinamoorthy, S. Munshi, and P. Dey
Cross-linked hydrogel matrices immobilized with 2-ethylhexyl phosphonic acid mono-2-ethylhexyl ester (HA), were prepared to
investigate their application in the recovery of radionuclide from acidic waste solutions. Gamma-radiation was used to produce
HA immobilized polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) hydrogels (HA-gel). The hydrogels with different characteristics such as: degree of
cross-linking (by varying radiation dose) and quantity of extractant immobilized (by starting with aqueous PVA solution containing
different amounts of HA), were synthesised. These HA-gels were investigated for solid-liquid phase extraction of U(VI), Pu(IV),
Am(III) and some fission products, under various experimental conditions. The concentration of HNO3 in the aqueous phase was found to play an important role in the extraction of these radionuclei. Extraction of U(VI) was
more favourable at lower concentration of HNO3 (∼0.001 to 0.5M), while at higher concentrations (∼0.5 to 3M HNO3), more than 90% of Pu(IV) present in the aqueous phase, could be extracted by the HA-gel. The extraction of Am(III) was also
found predominant only at lower acidities (at pH∼2 and above). Under optimized conditions, maximum metal loading capacities
obtained were 19±0.8 mg, 8±0.4 mg and 11±0.5 mg per gram of swollen HA-gel, for U(VI), Pu(IV) and Am(III), respectively. Under
the experimental conditions, extractions of Cs(I) and Sr(II) were observed to be negligible. No leaching out of HA from the
HA-gel particles was noted even after its repetitive use for the studied ten cycles of extraction and stripping experiments,
as evident from its unchanged extraction efficiency.
Authors:S. Ravi, A. Deepa, B. Surekha, S. Susheela, P. Achuthan, S. Anil Kumar, K. Vijayan, U. Jambunathan, S. Munshi, and P. Dey
90Sr estimation in reprocessed uranium was carried out by a series of solvent extraction and carrier precipitation techniques
using strontium and lanthanum carriers. Fuming with HClO4 was used to remove 106Ru as RuO4. Three step solvent extraction with 50% tri-n-butyl phosphate in xylene in presence of small amounts of dibutyl phosphate
and thenoyl trifluoro acetone was carried out to eliminate uranium, plutonium, thorium and protactinium impurities. Lanthanum
oxalate precipitation in acid medium was employed to scavenge the remaining multivalent ions. Strontium was precipitated as
strontium oxalate in alkaline pH and 137 Cs was removed by washing the precipitate with water. A strontium recovery well above 70% was obtained. Final estimation
was carried out by radiometry using end window GM counter after drying the precipitate under an infra red lamp. The same procedure
was extended to the estimation of 90Sr in a diluted sample of the actual spent fuel solution. An additional lanthanum oxalate precipitation step was required
to remove the entire 144Ce impurity from this sample. This modified procedure was employed in the determination of 90Sr in a number of reprocessed uranium samples and the over all precision of the method was found to be well within ±10%. An
additional barium chromate precipitation step was necessary for the analysis of reprocessed uranium samples from high bumup
fuels to eliminate trace amounts of short lived 224Ra produced during the decay of 232U and its daughters as they interfere in the estimation of 90Sr.