The attestations of the cult of the Goddess Nemesis in the Balkan-Danubian provincies from the beginning of the 2nd century AD do not seem to respond to a cultural, private and spontaneous, need of the local population. These evidences presumably appear on one hand as the consequence of a political and ideological project based on the achievement and on legitimation of Trajan’s imperium in these social contexts, and on the other hand as a response, an “Akzeptanz”, an acceptance on behalf of the Balkan-Danubian elites of Trajan’s propaganda.
Authors:A. Àgueda, S. Liodakis, E. Pastor, and E. Planas
The thermal degradation behavior of P. halepensis needles treated with two ammonium-polyphosphate-based commercial retardants was studied using thermal analysis (DTG) under
nitrogen atmosphere. Moreover, for the same experimental material, the heat of combustion of the volatiles was estimated based
on the difference between the heat of combustion of the fuel and the heat contribution of the charred residue left after pyrolysis.
The heat of combustion of the volatiles was exponentially related to the retardant concentration of the samples. In the range
of retardant concentrations from 10 to 20% w/w the mean reduction percentage of the heat of combustion of the volatiles, with
respect to untreated samples, was 18%.
Authors:N. Barros, J. Salgado, M. Villanueva, J. Rodriquez-Añón, J. Proupin, S. Feijóo, and M. Martín-Pastor
The environmental concern on soil exploitation, linked to global warming by the Kyoto protocol, is responsible for increasing interest in the understanding of the role of the composition and structure of the soil organic matter (SOM) on soil carbon, C, dynamics. Thermal analysis and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) are applied to study the thermal properties, the structure and composition of the SOM of six samples with different C contents in order to improve the interpretation of results given by thermal analysis. Results showed that the direct integral of the combustion peaks obtained by DSC and the percentage of SOM given by TG were both directly related to the quantity of total soil C. Thus, soils with higher C content showed higher energy content too. The combustion temperatures of the curves given by DSC are those reported for labile OM. NMR results indicated the presence of aliphatic C, carbohydrates, and a weak signal in the aromatic C band in all the samples that was not detected in the DSC curves. Only two samples showed carboxyl/carbonyl C which was not detected by DSC also.