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Abstract  

Let X be a topological space and let C(X) be the ring of all real-valued continuous functions defined on X. We study the representation and approximation of continuous functions by sums of infinite series. Among other results, we give sufficient conditions in order to represent or approximate every continuous function by infinite series of functions, belonging to a previously fixed subfamily of C(X), when X is either a locally compact paracompact space or a Lindelöf space.

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Abstract  

The purpose of this work is to study the radiolytic behavior of aqueous solutions of14C-pyruvic acid (oxygen-free). Several parameters were varied such as radiation dose, pH, etc. Gas chromatography, mass spectrometry and high performance liquid chromatography were used extensively for the analysis of radiolytic products. The more abundant product was dimethyltartaric acid. Other products identified were acetic, lactic, succinic, malonic and tricarballylic acids, acetaldehyde, carbon dioxide, and hydrogen. The yields of these products were influenced by the irradiation dose, concentration of the target compound and pH of the solution.

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Abstract  

We have investigated the thermal and structural properties of different commercial dental resins: FiltekTM Z-350, Grandio®, Tetric Ceram®, and TPH Spectrum®. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate quantitatively the photo-polymerization behavior and the effect of filler contents on the kinetic cures of the dental resins by using Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) techniques. We have successfully obtained the low and high glass transition T g values of the dental composite resins from DSC curves. It was also observed a good agreement between the both T g values, activation energies from thermal degradation, and the degree of conversion obtained for all samples. The results have shown that Tetric Ceram® dental resin presented the higher T g values, activation energy of 215 ± 6 KJ mol−1, and the higher degree of conversion (63%) when compared to the other resins studied herein.

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Abstract  

The structural and thermal properties of three different dental composite resins, Filtek™ Supreme XT, Filtek™ Z-250 and TPH®3 were investigated in this study. The internal structures of uncured and cured resins with blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs) were examined by Micro-Raman spectroscopy. Thermal analysis techniques as DSC, TG and DTG methods were used to investigate the temperature characteristics, as glass transition (T g), degradation, and the thermal stability of the resins. The results showed that the TPH®3 and Filtek™ Supreme XT presented very similar T g values, 48 and 50°C, respectively, while the Filtek™ Z-250 composite resin presented a higher one, 58°C. AFM microscope was utilized in order to analyze the sample morphologies, which possess different fillers. The composed resin Filtek™ Z-250 has a well interconnected more homogeneous morphology, suggesting a better degree of conversion correlated to the glass phase transition temperature. The modes of vibration of interest in the resin were investigated using Raman spectroscopy. It was possible to observe the bands representative for the C=C (∼1630 cm−1) and C=O(∼1700 cm−1) vibrations were studied with respect to their compositions and polymerization. It was observed that the Filtek™ Z -250 resin presents the best result related to the thermal properties and polymerization after light curing among the other resins.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: J. R. J. Delben, S. S. Rojas, K. Miazato, P. Melnikov, A. A. S. T. Delben, C. X. Cardoso, and A. Job
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Acta Biologica Hungarica
Authors: C. Lizette Del-Toro-Sánchez, S. Villaseñor-Alvarado, Florentina Zurita-Martínez, O. Castellanos-Hernández, Araceli Rodríguez-Sahagún, M. Isabel Torres-Morán, D. Rojas-Bravo, and M. Gutiérrez-Lomelí

Anemopsis californica is a perennial herbaceous plant that has been utilized as a medicinal plant for the treatment of various diseases. The present work was carried out with the objective of optimizing a method of extraction of the genomic DNA of A. californica and a PCR protocol and later to evaluate the existing genetic diversity among the genotypes deriving from different origins. For DNA extraction, we tested four procedures: with the CTA B-2 protocol, we obtained the highest yield (61.5±2.2 μg DNA/g of leaf tissues) and the best quality (A260/280 1.83±0.022). To estimate genetic variability, we utilized the randomly amplified polymorphism DNA (RAPD) technique, employing 20 oligonucleotides, of which only 18 generated reproducible banding patterns, producing 123 polymorphic bands generated, thus obtaining a polymorphism rate of 93.93% among the genotypes analyzed. The Jaccard similarity coefficient generated a variation ranging from 0.325–0.921, indicating a high level of genetic variation among the studied genotypes. An Unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic mean (UPGMA) group analysis indicated six distinct groups. The present optimized method for DNA isolation and RAPD protocol may serve as an efficient tool for further molecular studies.

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