The Jesuits' Ratio Studiorum ordered to follow St. Thomas's theology. Between 1603--1607, at the University of Graz, Péter Pázmány S.J. gave lectures on St. Thomas's Summa Theologie and commented on its most important issues. St. Thomas thoroughly studied the problem of faith (de Fide) and explained the questions of grace and liberty (de auxiliis) debated by the Jesuits and the Dominicans. He found a fine balance between Banezianism and Molinism through the following main principle: grace intensifies liberty, that is, God does not act on behalf of us but makes us act.
The paper analyses the views of Ottokár Prohászka, the greatest Hungarian Catholic philosopher of the 20th century on the relationship between labour and social progress, as well as between labour and individual development. The work of Prohászka is seen as a synthesis of modern scientific findings and the Christian world view, which, at the same time, offered a thorough analysis and criticism of the social philosophy of Karl Marx. The author discusses Prohászka's ideas concerning the links between the objective tendencies of social development and the evangelical spirit, and his attempts to elaborate an early version of the theology of labour. Comparing citations, Prohászka's work is valued also for anticipating the ideas in the social encyclics of the popes written several decades later.
If a finite abelian group is factored into a direct product of its cyclic subsets, then at least one of the factors is periodic.
This is a famous result of G. Hajós. We propose to replace the cyclicity of the factors by an abstract property that still
guarantees that one of the factors is periodic. Then we present applications of this approach.