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Abstract  

The binary system Li2Se-In2Se3 was investigated in the range of 40 to 100 mol% In2Se3 by thermoanalytical and X-ray methods. The system is characterized by two eutectic points. Beside the two binary components and the known ternary compound LiInSe2 another ternary compound crystallizes in this binary system at 83.3 mol% In2Se3. This compound was identified as LiIn5Se8. In contrast to (Cu, Ag)IB5 IIIC8 VI compounds such as CuIn5S8 [1] it does not crystallize in the spinel structure. LiIn5Se8 shows a stratified structure. The melting point was determined to be at 810C. Starting from room temperature up to the melting point no phase transitions were observed.

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Abstract  

Differential thermal analysis has been carried out on AgGaS2 samples in order to investigate the relationship between the superheating of the melt and the supercooling behaviour of the material leading to an improvement of crystal growth conditions. The knowledge gained will be correlated to the crystal growth experiments which had been carried out by using the gradient freezing method.

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Abstract  

241Pu was measured in reference materials and marine samples using a novel method based on rare earth fluoride co-precipitation followed by liquid scintillation spectrometry (LSS). Disc sources used for -spectrometry of 238Pu and 239+240Pu were leached with concentrated nitric acid before neodymium fluoride co-precipitation to scavenge plutonium in the lower oxidation states was carried out. After the determination of the chemical recovery by -spectrometry, the precipitate was recovered in a H3BO3/HNO3 based dissolver and mixed with Packard Insta-GelÒ Plus cocktail before LSS. Reasonable agreement has been obtained between the results obtained using this methods and the data obtained by direct disc analysis by LSS and ICP-MS. The 241Pu/239+240Pu ratios were coherent with the expected origin of the Pu contaminant in the marine environment showing the validity of the method.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: P. Povinec, M. Pham, J. Sanchez-Cabeza, G. Barci-Funel, R. Bojanowski, T. Boshkova, W. Burnett, F. Carvalho, B. Chapeyron, I. Cunha, H. Dahlgaard, N. Galabov, L. Fifield, J. Gastaud, J. Geering, I. Gomez, N. Green, T. Hamilton, F. Ibanez, M. Ibn Majah, M. John, G. Kanisch, T. Kenna, M. Kloster, M. Korun, L. Liong Wee Kwong, J. La Rosa, S. Lee, I. Levy-Palomo, M. Malatova, Y. Maruo, P. Mitchell, I. Murciano, R. Nelson, A. Nouredine, J. Oh, B. Oregioni, G. Le Petit, H. Pettersson, A. Reineking, P. Smedley, A. Suckow, T. van der Struijs, P. Voors, K. Yoshimizu, and E. Wyse

Abstract  

A reference material designed for the determination of anthropogenic and natural radionuclides in sediment, IAEA-384 (Fangataufa Lagoon sediment), is described and the results of certification are presented. The material has been certified for 8 radionuclides (40K, 60Co, 155Eu, 230Th, 238U, 238Pu, 239+240Pu and 241Am). Information values are given for 12 radionuclides (90Sr, 137Cs, 210Pb (210Po), 226Ra, 228Ra, 232Th, 234U, 235U, 239Pu, 240Pu and 241Pu). Less reported radionuclides include 228Th, 236U, 239Np and 242Pu. The reference material may be used for quality management of radioanalytical laboratories engaged in the analysis of radionuclides in the environment, as well as for the development and validation of analytical methods and for training purposes. The material is available from IAEA in 100 g units.

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