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The alternative system of medicines like Unani and Ayurveda is preferred worldwide nowadays due to its therapeutic efficacy, lower side effects, holistic approach, psychological dimensions, and qualitative action of weather and seasonal requirement. A simple procedure is described for the simultaneous extraction and estimation of piperlongumine and piperine in a well-known Unani polyherbal formulation using reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The chromatography was carried out on reversed-phase C18 (250 × 4.6 mm) column with a mobile phase containing acetonitrile—water (50:50 v/v). Detection was accomplished with ultraviolet (UV) detection at λ = 325 nm. The flow rate was kept as 1.0 mL−1. The proposed method was validated according to International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) guidelines for accuracy (94.4–105.0%), precision (0.37–2.17% RSD), and robustness (0.14–2.11% RSD). The limit of detection (LOD) values were found as 30 and 10 ng mL−1, while limit of quantification (LOQ) was 100 and 30 ng mL−1 for piperlongumine and piperine, respectively, which proved the sensitivity of the method satisfactory enough for accurate analysis of the both piperlongumine and piperine.

Open access
Acta Chromatographica
Authors: Y.T. Kamal, Sayeed Ahmad, Nanjaian Mahadevan, Prawez Alam, Shahana Salam, Yahya I Asiri, Abdullatif Bin Muhsinah, and Abdulrhman Alsayari


A new High Performance Liquid Chromatography–Photodiode Array Detector (HPLC–PDA) method has been developed for the chromatographic separation and simultaneous quantitative determination of nine bioactive compounds, i.e. four phenolic (gallic acid, ellagic acid, chebulinic acid, and tannic acid), two flavanoids (rutin and quercetin), two anthraquinones (sennoside A and B) and one oxygenated hydrocarbon (vitamin C) in a well-known Unani polyherbal formulation namely Itrifal's. Separation was accomplished on a C18 LiChrospher 100 column (5 µm, 250 × 4.6 mm) with a gradient elution and recorded at 254 nm. The results demonstrated that the proposed method is reproducible, accurate, economic, and suitable for the quality control of traditional polyherbal Unani formulations containing complex compounds with different structures such as Itrifals.

Open access