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(South-)East Asian languages often force highly restricted word-structures, leading standard Government Phonology (sGP) to the useful, though problematic, Han-template (regular/augmented) (Beijing Mandarin (Goh 1996), Thai (Denwood 1999), Hongkui To (Xu 2001), and Vietnamese (Ulfsbjorninn 2008b)). We replace it with an obligatory c-command relationship between nuclear heads (xN1, xN2), resulting in xO2 being obligatorily c-commanded by xN1 (*V:C). In contrast, the augmented Han-template has obligatory c++2-command, hence, xO2 is not obligatorily c-commanded by xN1 (V:C). Concomitantly, *V:C (unlike V:C) languages prohibit I/U in xO2. In sGP no non-arbitrary link can be suggested; in GP 2.0, it emerges from micro-parametric c-command-conditions acting on word-structure.

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Segment–zero alternations in Galician definite article allomorphy

Floating consonants at the left-edge of morphemes

Acta Linguistica Academica
Shanti Ulfsbjorninn


Galician presents an intriguing case of opaque phonologically-conditioned definite article allomorphy (PCA). Though Galician features in the general literature on PCA (Nevins 2011), there is a surprising lack of synchronic theoretical discussion of this specific pattern. The data appears to require allomorph selection arranged in a system of Priority (Mascaró 2005; Bonet et al. 2003; 2007). The pattern involves opaque segment ‘deletion’ and resyllabification, where segment deletion counterbleeds allomorph insertion along with morphologically-specific segmental changes. A Strict CV representational reanalysis is proposed in which there is no true allomorphy (no selection between competing underlying morphemes). All the forms are generated from a single underlying form, thereby undercutting PRIORITY.

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Acta Linguistica Academica
Katalin Balogné Bérces
Shanti Ulfsbjorninn
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