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Acta Chromatographica
Authors: Yunfang Zhou, Bingbao Chen, Junyan Chen, Yanwen Dong, Shuanghu Wang, Congcong Wen, Xianqin Wang, and Xiaomin Yu

In this work, a sensitive and selective ultra-performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC–MS/MS) method was developed and fully validated for determination of jaceosidin in rat plasma. Avicularin was used as the internal standard (IS), and protein precipitation by acetonitrile was used to prepare samples. Chromatographic separation was achieved on a UPLC BEH C18 column (2.1 mm × 100 mm, 1.7 μm) with 0.1% formic acid and acetonitrile as the mobile phase with gradient elution. An electrospray ionization (ESI) source was applied and operated in positive ion mode; multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode was used for quantification. Calibration plots were linear throughout the range 2–500 ng mL−1 for jaceosidin in rat plasma. Relative standard deviation (RSD) of intra-day and inter-day precision was less than 12%. The accuracy of the method was between 88.7% and 109.7%. Mean recoveries of jaceosidin in rat plasma ranged from 65.4% to 77.9%. The developed UPLC–MS/MS method was successfully applied to pharmacokinetic study of jaceosidin after intravenous administration of 2 mg kg−1 in rats. We could find that the jaceosidin rapidly eliminated, the t 1/2 was 0.7 ± 0.3 h, and clearance (CL) was 22.4 ± 3.0 L h−1 kg−1.

Open access
Acta Chromatographica
Authors: Peiwu Geng, Jing Zhang, Bingbao Chen, Qianqian Wang, Shuanghu Wang, and Congcong Wen

Dauricine is the major bioactive component isolated from the roots of Menispermum dauricum D.C., a bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid derivative, and has shown multiple pharmacological properties. In this work, a sensitive and selective ultra-performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC–MS/MS) method was developed for determination of dauricine in rat plasma and its application to pharmacokinetic study of dauricine after intravenous and oral administration in rats. After addition of daurisoline as an internal standard (IS), protein precipitation by acetonitrile was used to prepare samples. Chromatographic separation was achieved on a UPLC BEH C18 column (2.1 mm × 50 mm, 1.7 μm) with 0.1% formic acid and acetonitrile as the mobile phase with gradient elution. An electrospray ionization source was applied and operated in positive ion mode; multiple reactions monitoring (MRM) mode was used for quantification. Calibration plots were linear throughout the range 2–600 ng mL−1 for dauricine in rat plasma. Relative standard deviation (RSD) of intra-day and inter-day precision was less than 13%. The accuracy of the method was between 95.8% and 105.9%. Matrix effect of dauricine in rat plasma ranged from 88.0% to 90.3%. Mean recoveries of dauricine in rat plasma ranged from 91.5% to 95.1%. The method was successfully applied to pharmacokinetic study of dauricine after intravenous and oral administration in rats. The bioavailability of dauricine was found to be 55.4% for the first time.

Open access
Acta Chromatographica
Authors: Liyi Li, Liming Hu, Bingbao Chen, Yanwen Dong, Zixia Lin, Zhiyi Wang, Congcong Wen, Xianqin Wang, and Shuanghu Wang

In this study, we developed a urine metabolomic method by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS) combination with biomedical results to evaluate the effect of activated carbon on methomyl poisoning rats. The rats were divided into four groups, methomyl group, two activated carbon treatment group, and control group. According to the biochemical results, it indicated that activated carbon treated rats could cause liver and kidney function changes. According to the urine metabolomics results, activated carbon treatment group (10 min) and activated carbon treatment group (30 min) could be distinguished from methomyl group, and activated carbon treatment group (10 min) could be separated from activated carbon treatment group (30 min) rats, which indicated that the treatment of rats by activated carbon in different time had a different effect. The results indicate that metabolomic method by GC–MS may be useful to elucidate activated carbon treated on methomyl poisoning rats.

Open access
Acta Chromatographica
Authors: Shuanghu Wang, Zixia Lin, Ke Su, Jing Zhang, Lijing Zhang, Zhimou Gao, Zhiyi Wang, Jianshe Ma, and Xianqin Wang

The rats were randomly divided into paraquat group, curcumin treatment group, and pirfenidone treatment group. The concentration of paraquat in rat plasma was determined by an ultra-performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC–MS/MS) method over the range of 10–2000 ng mL−1. Chromatographic separation was achieved on a BEH HILIC (2.1 mm × 100 mm, 1.7 μm) column. The mobile phase was consisted of acetonitrile and 10 mm ammonium formate buffer (containing 0.1% formic acid) with gradient elution pumped at a flow rate of 0.4 mL min−1. Protein precipitation with acetonitrile was used as sample preparation. Compared with the paraquat group, there is statistical toxicokinetic difference for curcumin treatment group and pirfenidone treatment group, AUC(0 − t) decreased (P < 0.05), clearance (CL) increased (P < 0.05) for curcumin or pirfenidone treatment group, and C max decreased (P < 0.05) for curcumin treatment group. The results showed that treatment by curcumin and pirfenidone could relieve acute paraquat poisoning in rats.

Open access