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Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a common zoonosis prevalent in many countries with grave economic consequences. Most developed and developing countries have implemented the test-and-slaughter policy to protect public health and reduce economic losses in the cattle industry. The official diagnosis of bTB is based on assays dependent on cell-mediated immunity (CMI). CMI-based diagnosis demonstrates diagnostic incapability at late stages of infection, which could be overcome by diagnosis based on humoral immunity (HI). Therefore, there is an urgent need to identify and define the B cell antigenome of Mycobacterium bovis. In this study, the B cell antigenome of culture filtrate proteins (CFP) was defined by mass spectrometry-based proteomics technology. Four spots were detected on 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) against M. bovis-positive serum in an immunoblotting experiment. Twenty-one proteins were identified in four spots by proteomic tools, such as Mb2900, Mb2898, Mb0448, Mb3834c, Mb1918c, Mb0134c, Mb0358 and Mb1868c, which are known B cell antigens, including 13 new proteins, i.e. Mb3751, Mb2006c, Mb3276c, Mb2244, Mb1164c, Mb2553c, Mb2946c, Mb1849c, Mb1511c, Mb1034c, Mb2616c, Mb0854c and Mb2267. These new proteins identified by 2-DE and immunoblotting were the B cell antigens used in developing serological diagnostic methods based on HI to bTB.

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: Hoonsung Choi, Sang In Lee, Shanmugam Sureshkumar, Mi-Hyang Jeon, Jeom Sun Kim, Mi-Ryung Park, Kyung-Woon Kim, Ik-Soo Jeon, Sukchan Lee, and Sung June Byun

The 3D8 single-chain variable fragment (scFv) is a mini-antibody sequence with independent nuclease activity that shows antiviral effects against all types of viruses in chickens and mice. In this study, chickens were treated daily with an oral dose of 109 CFU Lactobacillus paracasei (L. paracasei) expressing either a secreted or anchored 3D8 scFv for three weeks. After L. paracasei administration, the chickens were challenged with avian influenza virus (AIV). From each experimental group, three chickens were directly infected with 100 µL of 107.5 EID50/mL H9N2 AIV and seven chickens were indirectly challenged through contact transmission. oropharyngeal and cloacal swab samples were collected at 3, 5, 7, and 9 days post-inoculation (dpi) from AIV-challenged chickens, AIV Shedding titres were measured by quantitative real-time PCR. Contact transmission in the chickens that were fed 3D8 scFv-secreting L. paracasei showed a significant reduction in viral shedding when compared with other groups. These results suggest that L. paracasei secreting 3D8 provides a basis for the development of ingestible antiviral probiotics with activity against AIV.

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