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  • Author or Editor: Sun Guo-xin x
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Abstract  

A new diamide N,N,N′,N′-tetrahexylmalonamide (THMA) was synthesized, characterized and used in the extraction of U(VI) from nitric acid solutions. N,N,N′,N′-tetrabutylmalonamide (TBMA) was also studied to test the steric hindrance. Factors affecting this extraction system, the concentration of the extractant, aqueous nitric acid and NaNO3 and the temperature were investigated. The IR spectral study was also made of the extracted species.

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Abstract  

N,N-dialkylamides, (octan-, decan- and dodecanamides) having ethyl and butyl groups as alkyl substituents, were synthesized in order to investigate their selectivity and capability in the extraction of Th(IV) from acidic nitrate media (3 and 6M HNO3) in nuclear reprocessing. The distribution ratios of Th (IV) with the amides in kerosene decrease with the increase of the alkyl chain length (C8, C10, C12), probably due to steric hindrance.

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Abstract  

Interfacial tension and interfacial adsorption parameters for benzyloctadecyldimethyl ammonium chloride (BODMAC) in three organic diluents were determined and interpreted. The interfacial activity of BODMAC is affected by the type of the organic diluent and the composition of the aqueous phase. The general order of interfacial activity of BODMAC is n-heptane (5% isobutanol) > carbon tetrachloride > chloroform. The effectiveness of adsorption of BODMAC is not only dependent on the organic diluent, but also on the inorganic electrolytes in the aqueous phase.

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Abstract  

A new symmetrical diamide, the straight-chain alakyl substituted neutral tetrabutyladipicamide (TBAA) has been synthesized, characterized and used for the extraction of U(V) and Th(IV) from nitric acid solutions in a diluent composed of 50% 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene (TMB) and 50% kerosene (OK). Extraction distribution coefficients of U(VI) and Th(IV) as a function of aqueous nitric acid concentration, extractant concentration and temperature have been studied. Back-extraction of U(VI) and Th(IV) from organic phases by dilute nitric acid has been undertaken. From the data, the compositions of extracted species, equilibrium constants and enthalpies of extraction reactions have also been calculated.

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Abstract  

N,N'-Dioctanoylpiperazine (DOPEZ), a novel extractant for U(VI) in carbon tetrachloride has been studied. The principal factors affecting the U(VI) distribution ratio, i.e., the concentration of aqueous nitric acid, extractant, salting-out agent and temperature, were investigated.

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Abstract  

N,N-dialkylamides having ethyl (DEDOA), butyl (DBDOA) and octyl (DODOA) groups as the alkyl substituents were synthesized in order to investigate their selectivity and capability in the extraction from acidic nitrate media in nuclear reprocessing. The extraction distribution coefficients of U(VI) with the amides in toluene decrease in the order of DODOA>DBDOA>DEDOA. The structure of the extracted species was suggested from the dependence of the distribution ratio on the concentration of the extractant, with the aid of FT-IR spectra. The structural effect on the extraction capability of U(VI) was discussed in terms of the molecular modelling. The effects of temperature on the distribution ratios were also considered, and the extraction reaction enthalpy was calculated.

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Abstract  

The extraction of uranium(VI) from nitric acid by N-octanoylpiperidine (OPPD) in toluene has been investigated at varying concentrations of nitric acid, extractant, salting-out agent LiNO3 and at different temperatures. The mechanism of extraction is discussed in the light of the results obtained. The extracted species have also been investigated using FT-IR spectrometry. The related thermodynamic functions were calculated.

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Abstract  

The extraction of uranium (VI) from nitric acid by N-octanoylpyrrolidine (OPOD) in toluene has been investigated at varying concentrations of nitric acid, extractant, salting-out agent LiNO3 and at different temperatures. The mechanism of extraction is discussed in the light of the obtained results.

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Abstract  

A novel extractant, N,N-dilauroylpiperazine (DLPEZ), was synthesized for the first time. The extraction of uranium(VI) with the novel extractant in carbon tetrachloride from aqueous nitric acid media has been studied. The dependence of extraction distribution ratio on the concentration of aqueous nitric acid, extractant, salting-out agent and temperature was investigated and the enthalpy of the extraction was determined.

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Abstract  

A new bifunctional extractant named phenyl-N,N-dibutylcarbamoylmethyl sulfoxide (PCMSO) is synthesized and characterized in order to investigate its selectivity and capability in the extraction from acidic nitrate media in nuclear reprocessing. The extraction of uranium (VI) with PCMSO in toluene has been studied at various concentrations of nitric acid, extractant and salting-out agent (LiNO3). The mechanism of extraction is discussed in the light of the results obtained. The extracted species has also been investigated using FT-IR spectrometry. The related thermodynamic functions were calculated. The IR spectral study was also made of the extracted species.

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