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  • Author or Editor: Sun H. Choi x
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Abstract  

Doppler broadening of a 477.6 keV line combined with a recoil of an excited Li nucleus is the characteristic of PGAA, which leads to complicated gamma-ray spectrum which is difficult to analyze. For this solution, a modified algorithm for an automated analysis of the Doppler-broadened peak spectrum is presented. The modified algorithm maintained the consistency of a Doppler-broadened peak with the finest analysis algorithm used for a Gaussian gamma-ray peak analysis in the HYPERMET code.

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Abstract  

Prompt k 0-factors relative to chlorine and relative g-emission intensities were determined for the strong non-1/v absorbers 113Cd, 149Sm, 151Eu,155Gd and 157Gd. Measurements were performed using the SNU-KAERI prompt gamma activation analysis (PGAA) facility at the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI). For proper experimental determination of the prompt k 0-factors, the effective g-factor and cadmium ratio were taken into account, in consideration of the effects from the non-1/v capture cross section and neutron spectrum in the thermal and epithermal energy region. By using the actual spectrum of the neutron beam in this study, the effective g-factor was obtained by calculation, and the influence of epithermal neutrons on the capture rate was corrected by measuring the cadmium ratio for each non-1/v target isotope. The measured prompt k 0-factors were used to check the consistency between the existing dataset of the absolute g-emission intensity and the 2200 m/s capture cross section for these isotopes.

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Summary  

The prompt k 0,H factors for B, N, Si, P, S and Cl were determined relative to the 2223.25 keV gamma-line from the 1H(n,γ) reaction. The measurements were performed at the SNU-KAERI Prompt Gamma Activation Analysis facility, of which the background was greatly reduced recently by upgrading the detection system to a Compton suppressed g-ray spectrometer with a BGO/NaI(Tl) guard detector and by improving the shield geometry. From the measured prompt k 0,H factors, the partial γ-ray production cross sections were determined using the latest cross section for H. The measured prompt k 0,H factors were tabulated and compared with the other reported data.

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Tobacco rattle virus (TRV-K) was first identified in a symptomatic Gladiolus plant cultivated in Korea. We analyzed the TRV-K genome and compared its phylogeny with other TRV isolates. After constructing of a full-length genomic RNA2 strand clone, a complete sequence was generated from several overlapping clones. The cloned genome was 3261 bases in length, identical to TRV-K, and had three open reading frames. TRV-K had the highest sequence identity with the American isolate TRV-ORY. Sequence analysis of the RNA2 genome showed that TRV-K contains an intact 2a, 2b, and 2c coding sequence and an RNA1-related 3′ terminus, which is typical of TRV RNA2. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that TRV-K is in the same cluster as the American isolates and another Korean isolate, TRV-SK; however, it was in a different cluster than the European isolates.

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Summary  

The new PGAA facility using diffracted neutron beam was developed in Korea. The basic characteristics of the facility were studied in detail. A general formalism of the k 0 factor as extended to non-1/v absorber and arbitrary neutron spectrum was discussed and the actual data for Cd, Sm, Eu, Gd have been measured and determined successfully owing to the simple nature of the diffracted neutron spectrum. The k 0 factors for B, N, Si, P, S and Cl were also determined and showed consistent results with previously reported ones. At an early stage, feasibility of boron concentration analysis and measurement of thermal neutron capture cross sections has been studied. The PGAA facility is now open to users. A considerable amount of beam time is already dedicated to studies on the elemental analysis.

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