Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 20 items for

  • Author or Editor: Sun Si-Xiu x
  • All content x
Clear All Modify Search

Abstract  

By using stirred-cell method as experimental technique, the kinetictransfer mechanism of UO2 2++ with N,N,N',N'-tetrabutyladipicamide(TBAA) from nitric acid solutions into toluene was studied. The differentconditions effecting the extraction rate constants (k'f and k'b ) were investigated, such as UO2 2+ concentration,HNO3 concentration, TBAA concentration, temperature and agitationspeed. It was found that the extraction process was controlled by the diffusionof UO2 (NO3 )2 . 2TBAA from the liquid-liquidsurface into the organic phase in the range of the experimental concentrationof HNO3. The extraction rate was found to be of pseudo-first orderwith respect to the concentration of uranium(VI).

Restricted access

Abstract  

The liquid-liquid extraction of uranium(VI) from aqueous nitric acid with n-octyldecylsulfoxide (ODSO) in toluene has been studied over a wide range of conditions. The extracted species appears to be UO2(NO3)2·2ODSO. The extraction increased with increasing nitric acid concentration up to 2.0 mol/l and then decreased. Extraction also increased with increasing extractant concentration. The influence of temperature, salting-out agent concentration and complex anion concentration on the extraction equilibrium were also investigated, and the enthalpy of the extraction reaction was calculated.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The liquid-liquid extraction behavior of 2-ethylhexyltolylsulfoxide (EHTSO) towards uranium(VI) contained in nitric acid aqueous solution has been investigated. It was found that the extraction increases with increasing nitric acid concentration up to 5.0 mol/l and then decreases. Extraction also increases with increasing extractant concentration. The extracted species appears to be UO2(NO3)2 .2EHTSO. The influences of temperature, NH4NO3 and Na2C2O4 concentrations on the extraction equilibrium were also investigated and the thermodynamic functions of the extraction reaction were obtained.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The extraction of uranium(VI) from nitric acid by N-octanoylpiperidine (OPPD) in toluene has been investigated at varying concentrations of nitric acid, extractant, salting-out agent LiNO3 and at different temperatures. The mechanism of extraction is discussed in the light of the results obtained. The extracted species have also been investigated using FT-IR spectrometry. The related thermodynamic functions were calculated.

Restricted access

Abstract  

N,N-dialkylamides having ethyl (DEDOA), butyl (DBDOA) and octyl (DODOA) groups as the alkyl substituents were synthesized in order to investigate their selectivity and capability in the extraction from acidic nitrate media in nuclear reprocessing. The extraction distribution coefficients of U(VI) with the amides in toluene decrease in the order of DODOA>DBDOA>DEDOA. The structure of the extracted species was suggested from the dependence of the distribution ratio on the concentration of the extractant, with the aid of FT-IR spectra. The structural effect on the extraction capability of U(VI) was discussed in terms of the molecular modelling. The effects of temperature on the distribution ratios were also considered, and the extraction reaction enthalpy was calculated.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The liquid-liquid extraction behavior of uranium(VI) from aqueous nitric acid with bis(octylsulfinyl)ethane (BOSE) in 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane has been studied over a wide range of conditions. The extracted species appears to be UO2(NO3)2·2BOSE. It was found that the extraction increases with increasing nitric acid concentration up to 7 mol/l and then decreased. Extraction also increases with increasing extractant concentration. The influence of temperature and salting-out agent concentration on the extraction equilibrium and stripping of uranium(VI) was also investigated and the enthalpy of the extraction reaction was obtained.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The liquid-liquid extraction behavior of octyldodecylsulfoxide (ODoSO) towards uranium(VI), contained in nitric acid aqueous solution, has been investigated. It was found that the extraction increased with increasing nitric acid concentration up to 2.0 mol/l and then decreased. Extraction also increases with increasing extractant concentration. The extracted species appears to be UO2(NO3)2 .2ODoSO. The influences of temperature, sodium nitrate and oxalate concentrations on the extraction were also investigated and the thermodynamic functions of the extraction reaction were obtained.

Restricted access

Summary  

The synergistic extraction of uranium(VI) from aqueous nitric acid solution with a mixture of tri-n-butyl phosphate (TBP) and i-butyldodecylsulfoxide (BDSO) in toluene was investigated. The effects of the concentrations of extractant, nitric acid, sodium nitrate and sodium oxalate on the distribution ratios of uranium(VI) have been studied. The values of enthalpy change for the extraction reactions with BDSO, TBP and a mixture of TBP and BDSO in toluene were -23.2±0.8 kJ/mol, -29.2±1.4 kJ/mol and -30.6±0.6 kJ/mol, respectively. It has been found that the maximum synergistic extraction effect occurs when the molar ratio of TBP to BDSO is close to 1. The composition of the complex of the synergistic extraction is UO2(NO3)2 . BDSO . TBP.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The synergistic extraction of uranium(VI) from aqueous nitric acid solution with mixtures of bis(hexylsulfinyl)ethane (BHxSE) and petroleum sulfoxides (PSO) in 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane was studied. It has been found that the maximum synergistic extraction effect occurs when the molar ratio of PSO to BHxSE is close to 1. The composition of the complex of synergistic extraction was estimated as UO2(NO3)2 .BHxSE.PSO. The formation constant of the complex was equal to KBP = 4.23±0.03. The effects of extractant, nitric acid, salting-out agent, and complex anion concentrations and temperature on the extraction equilibrium of uranium(VI) were also studied.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The effect of diluents on the extraction of uranium(VI) with petroleum sulfoxides (PSO) was studied. The decreasing order of extraction ability of PSO is as follows: benzene, toluene, cyclohexane, heptane, kerosene, carbon tetrachloride and chloroform. The effect of temperature on the extraction equilibrium was also investigated and enthalpy of the extraction was obtained. The relationship between the extraction equilibrium constantsK ex and the physical parameters of diluents can be derived.

Restricted access