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  • Author or Editor: Sylvia Palágyi x
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In Baláca, a quadrangular table was painted in the land scene of the stucco zone that closes the wall paintings of the so-called dining room. This type of sometimes more elaborate, quadrangular, four-footed tables is never, or rarely observable in grave art. Just like in real life, it generally appears in wall paintings and mosaic pavements, as a table for “bits and pieces”. It can be found everywhere where something had to be put down, kept there, taken into hand again, a ware had to be presented, offered or sold. The production of the undecorated quadrangular tables did not need a special skill. According to the depictions they were common pieces of furniture in workshops and inns and they could certainly be found in kitchens as well.

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Abstract

The burial site of the owner family of a Roman villa rustica in Baláca, dating back to the 2nd century AD, is a mound grave called Likas Hill. The Earth mound, originally 10–12 m high, with a diameter of about 37 m, covering a double burial chamber and a corridor, was surrounded by a red sandstone wall with a red sandstone cornice. There were tomb altars standing on its stepped footing. The mound had been heavily disturbed over the centuries, and nothing remained of the original burial. The larger fragments of the tombstones were carried away to constructions in the surrounding villages. Until now, it has not been possible to reconstruct the tomb inscriptions remaining in situ in a reassuring way from the fragments, nor to determine the date of construction of the tomb. The two animal burials dug into the Roman age surface, the bustum of a horse and a dog are the only undisturbed set finds of the mound. Excavation observations suggest the existence of additional bustums, which, along with the animal burials, would have been contained in a burial enclosure earlier than the enclosing wall and the tomb structure.

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