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  • Author or Editor: Tünde Turai x
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The investigation of the integration of East-Central European nurses into global labour market excluded the possible analysis of a spatially well definable group at the beginning of the research project; therefore the application of a different method became necessary. These women move between not only home and a new place of residence abroad, but, depending on job opportunities and various life situations, live in a number of countries, changing sites. Consequently, it has seemed adequate to focus on the specific features of the subject matter and to choose sites of research accordingly.

For the study of migration it is a significant contribution of multi-sited ethnography, beyond the pragmatic novelty of methodology, i.e. the multiplication of sites, that transgressing the national and international interpretive framework, it opens up transnational dimension and draws attention to the fact that new entities (e. g. networks and sites) may come into being that rewrite the topography of migration. This method requires flexibility, creativity and shifts of technology. But how can this new type of information be managed? This is the level where it is worth stepping over from multiple fields to multiple sites, and search for the connection between the sites instead of the comparability of fields. The author of the article provides an interpretive framework for the understanding of participation of East-Central European women in global catering sector at various points of the phenomenon and it contributes to the exploration of the inner dynamics and logics.

In course of the ever-expanding field research integrating new sites it may become clear that the key to understand the phenomenon is not to be detected in locally available contexts, but, rather, in the study of the various aspects of the phenomenon. Data got into context due to glancing at the process at several sites. The sites formed context for one another to deepen understanding.

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Along the 20th century, the position of the elderly has been being altered due to a very complex structural change regarding the economic, social and cultural life in Romania. These events of the macro-level had major effects on the micro-level. Collectivization, industrialization, the restructuring of the occupational sphere, urbanization and modernization brought about a massive geographic and social mobility, respectively changes in mentality and life-style. Focusing on the rural regions we can mention that the transfigurations within the hierarchy of the village, but especially the ones that occurred with respect to the institution of the family, put an end to the former foundations and frameworks, bringing other ones in lieu of them.My ethnological research focuses on the Transylvanian village of Bozies, where the process of growing old was enormous: in 1900 7.7% were aged 60 or above, in 1999 this number increased to 35.6%. As a consequence the social relationships, including both hierarchy and aspects of content, and thereupon the social attitudes have been redefined.After losing a considerable part of the economic, social, cultural and moral capital, the elderly have to face also the alteration of the contents of the concepts of aging, third generation , and being old . My paper is dedicated especially to these notions, i.e. to the analysis of the principles that govern the transfer from the second generation to the third one (the physiological boundary, the status of the grandparenthood, the marital status, the individual age influenced by the framing age of the milieu, the change of the dwelling-place, the habits of clothing, the pension as an economic resource, the changing of the range of work activities, the division of the moral roles) and to a detailed exposition of the internal division of the age bracket.

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Authors: Diána Vonnák, István Sántha, Tünde Lőrinczi, Csaba Mészáros, Tünde Turai and Csaba Mészáros
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Authors: Ágnes Hesz, Tünde Turai, Csaba Mészáros, Imre Gráfik, Krisztina Frauhammer, Bernadett Smid and Zoltán Nagy
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