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  • Author or Editor: T. Ünak x
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Abstract  

The gas-chromatographic analysis of benzene-iodine solutions containing molecular iodine-125 after various storage times showed that no radiolytic products appeared while some products such as benzene, iodobenzene, biphenyl, and iodobiphenyl, were detected under the same analytical conditions in our recent studies concerning the reactions of iodine atoms activated by L shell photoelectric ionization in benzene-iodine solutions, and the self-radiolysis of iodobenzene labelled with iodine-12515. On the other hand, our theoretical calculations showed that if iodine molecules were uniformly distributed in benzene, iodobenzene should be detected as a radiolytic product due to the local absorption of Auger electrons of iodine-125. The absence of any radiolytic product clearly demonstrated that iodine aggregates have an important role in the absorption of Auger electrons of iodine-125 in benzene-iodine solutions. In addition, theoretical calculations showed that if the iodine aggregation is taken into account the experimental result agrees well with theoretical calculations.

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Abstract  

The radiolysis of iodobenzene labelled with125I has been investigated at liquid nitrogen and room temperatures, in the presence and absence of oxygen. After various storage times the samples were analyzed by gas chromatography, and benzene, vinyl iodide, biphenyl, and iodobiphenyl were detected. Biphenyl, benzene, and iodobiphenyl were found to be formed as a result of local radiolytic effect of Auger electrons of125I, and vinyl iodide was probably produced due to the decay effect of125I in labelled iodobenzene molecules. At the site of125I decay the Auger electrons are radiolytically effective within a spherical volume with diameter of about 30 . Outside this sphere the energy absorbed by iodobenzene molecules is not high enough to produce any radiolytical damage.

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Abstract  

It is well known that several reports on the common educational problems of nuclear chemistry have been prepared by certain groups of experts from time to time. According to very important statements in these reports, nuclear chemistry and related courses generally do not take sufficient importance in undergraduate chemistry curricula and it was generally proposed that nuclear chemistry and related courses should be introduced into undergraduate chemistry curricula at universities worldwide. Starting from these statements, an ideal program in an undergraduate chemistry curriculum was proposed to be introduced into the undergraduate chemistry program at the Department of Chemistry, Ege University, in Izmir, Turkey during the regular updating of the chemistry curriculum. Thus, it has been believed that this Department of Chemistry has recently gained an ideal teaching program in the field of nuclear chemistry and its applications in scientific, industrial, and medical sectors. In this contribution, the details of this program will be discussed.

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Abstract  

Solutions of I2 in C6H6 were irradiated with X-rays, in the energy range from 4.6 to 8.0 keV, thus including the characteristic X-ray of Cr /5.412 keV/, just above the L-absorption edge for iodine /5.118 keV/. Yield of iodobenzene and the organic yield of iodine were investigated as a function of I2 concentration and of the absorbed radiation dose. It is found that the formation of iodobenzene, which was the only product detected, is due to the Auger activation of iodine atoms, and not to the radiolytic decomposition of benzene molecules from direct interaction of X-rays.

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Abstract  

In this study, the stability constants of uranium(VI) and thorium(IV) complexes formed with 8-hydroxyquinoline (8-HOQ) and its 5-sulfonic acid (8-HOQ-5-SO3H) derivative have been determined using the Irving-Rossotti method, computing the Calvin-Bjerrum pH-titration data. As a result, it is determined that the thorium(IV) complexes are considerably more stable than the corresponding uranium(VI) complexes. On the other hand, the complexes formed between 8-HOQ-5-SO3H and uranium(VI) or thorium(IV) are less stable than the corresponding 8-HOQ complexes.

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Abstract  

8-Hydroxyquinoline (8-HOQ) is known as an important chelating agent for several metal ions. This compound is practically insoluble in water. For this reason, in this study its water soluble sulfate salt has been used for complexing uranyl ions and the stability constants of the complex have been determined. The Irving-Rosotti method computing the Calvin-Bjerrum pH-titration data, was applied. Finally, the stability constants of the complex formed between (8-HOQN-H)2SO4 and uranyl ions were found to be lgK1=8.25 and lgK2=4.15, the overall stability constant being {ie55-1}.

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Abstract  

Zinc plays an important role in prostate functions. For this reason, in this study some rats have been nourished with foods containing different zinc levels and some tissue samples removed at different intervals of time from their prostate, testis, and seminal vesicle. The zinc contents of these samples have been determined using the isotopic dilution analysis technique applied with 65Zn. In this way, the zinc contents of tissues varying between 0.02–4.50 μg Zn/g wet tissue could be determined with good precision. As a result, the zinc content of the prostate was found to be considerably high with respect to the zinc contents of the testis and the seminal vesicle. It is also interesting to note that a high zinc level in foods results in the accumulation of zinc in the prostate rather than in the testis and the seminal vesicle. The zinc content of the seminal vesicle decreases with a function of time passed from the beginning of the diet which contrasts with the case of prostate. It is also very remarkable that when the level of zinc in the body is low, the content of zinc in the testis is considerably higher.

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Summary  

Phenolphthalein-glucuronide is a commonly used glucuronide conjugate for beta-glucuronidase measurements. The quantity of phenolphthalein liberated by beta-glucuronidase is measured spectrophotometrically. The detection limit of the quantity of phenolphthalein using spectrophotometry is a few μg. In this study, a new radioanalytical technique for the measurement of beta-glucuronidase was applied which is 106times more sensitive than the spectrophotometric technique. Radioiodinated phenolphthalein-glucuronide and phenyl-N-glucuronide were used in this study in which the beta-glucuronidase levels of some tissue samples were measured.

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Abstract  

In this study, dithizone (diphenylthiocarbazone) has been separately radiolabeled with 131I and with 99mTc for preliminarily testing their radiopharmaceutical potentials on male albino rabbits. 131I-dithizone and 99mTc-dithizone were intravenously injected to rabbits via their ear veins after anesthetizing with a mixture of Alfazyne and Alfamine (Serva) to determine their dynamic and static statuses in the metabolism. Also, 99mTc as pertechnetate and 131I as iodate were administered to rabbits as controls. Dynamic and static scintigrams were obtained using a gamma camera (Diacan Instruments). Dynamic scintigrams were obtained over the first half hour with frames of 1 minute following the administrations of the labeled compounds. Static images were obtained from posterior projection at different time intervals up to about 3 hours following the administration of the radiolabeled compounds. 99mTc-dithizone was significantly uptaken by the pancreas in contrast to free 99mTc. In the case of 131I-dithizone, the distribution of 131I activity in the metabolism was clearly different than the case of free 131I and the uptake of 131I-dithizone at the pancreas zone was also significant. These preliminary tests have clearly indicated that especially 99mTc-dithizone has a significant potential to be used as a pancreatic radiopharmaceutical.

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Abstract  

The transportation rate of uranium and thorium to different plants grown in soils having high level of these elements varies closely with the plant characteristics. In this study, the pepper (Capsicum annuum var. longum) and cucumber (Cucumis sativus) plants were chosen as vegetables which are commonly consumed over different regions by different populations. The results obtained can be summarized as follows. (1) High uranium concentration in the soil prevents the growing of the plants. Only the plants in the pot having the uranium concentration of about 263 ppm grew significantly. The plants in other pots having a higher concentration turned pale and died in a few weeks. (2) In the pot having thorium level of about 263 ppm, the plants were well grown and fruited in comparison to the control plants, but the increase of thorium concentration inversely influenced their growing. (3) The gross activities measured in different parts of the plants were not particularly high, however, in both cases the maximum activities were measured in the stems rather than in the fruits and leaves. (4) The plants grown in soils having thorium content lived longer than the control plants and at the greenhouse conditions indicated above, all plants lived more than one whole year flowering and fruiting.

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