Length and width of guard cells and variation in the appearance of stomata pores in the following Arum species: Arum italicum Mill., Arum maculatum var. maculatum L. and Arum maculatum var. immaculatum L. at Zablaće and Normanci location, and Arum alpinum var. pannonicum Terpo., Arum alpinum var. intermedium Schur. in Bilje at the eastern Slavonia and Baranya region were investigated. With regard to guard cells length and width and variation in the appearance of stomata pores, stomata of certain Arum species are considered to be of larger dimensions (≯38 µm). Arum species grown at Zablaće had the longest and widest guard cells as well as the greatest variation in the appearance of stomata pores, followed by those at Normanci, whereas species at Bilje location had the lowest values. The average length and width of the guard cells and variation in the appearance of stomata pores were larger at the lower than at the upper epidermis among each examined Arum species at each location. A significant difference in guard cells length and width and variation in the appearance of stomata pores at both upper and lower epidermis was determined for Zablaće and Normanci location, whereas there was no significant difference in those parameters at Bilje location.
Concentration of carbon (C), oxygen (O), nitrogen (N), magnesium (Mg), aluminium (Al), silicon (Si), phosphorus (P), mercury (Hg), sulphur (S), lead (Pb), chlorine (Cl), potassium (K), cadmium (Cd), calcium (Ca), chromium (Cr), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn), in the form of weight percentage, in the needles of different age classes, current and previous year one, of two sites, Risnjak National Park and Donja Dobra (control), were measured by X-ray microanalysis (EDAX) in the Scanning Electron Microscope in silver fir trees (Abies alba Mill.). The analysis suggests that accumulation of elements, in both years, particularly that of heavy metals, appeared in polluted site, like Risnjak, in the higher amount, whereas in non polluted, like Donja Dobra, in the lower amount. Moreover, it seems likely that elements at the first sites were accumulated and contaminated in very young current year needles, while in non polluted in somewhat older, the previous year ones.
Comparative variability in some morphological properties, for example, in leaves and flowers, among and within each of three species
Reichb. as well as
Schott et Kotschy var.
Terpó and var.
Terpó from three localities in Eastern Slavonia and from two in Baranya region in Croatia were studied. The investigation included the variability among and within of the populations and habitats and among the species. The results obtained indicated significant differences chiefly in some morphological parameters, such as in length of petiole and peduncle, in length of spathe, in length and diameter of spathe-tube, in length and diameter of appendix as well as in length of pistillate and staminate flowers. Moreover, the taxonomic treatment of the species
Schott et Kotschy as a disagreement was also discussed. The most of the morphological features are in the concordance with observations made by Prof. Bedalov.