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Abstract  

We have developed a laser flash apparatus for simultaneous measurements of thermal diffusivity and specific heat capacity of solid materials by introducing recent technical progress: uniform heating by a homogenized laser beam using an optical fiber with a mode mixer, measuring transient temperature of a specimen with a calibrated radiation thermometer, analyzing a transient temperature curve with a curve fitting method, to achieve differential laser flash calorimetry. Thermal diffusivity, specific heat capacity and thermal conductivity of glassy carbon and molybdenum were measured in the temperature range from 300 to 1100 K.

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Abstract  

Self-shielding and burn-out effects are discussed in the evaluation of radioisotopes formed by neutron irradiation of a strongly-neutron-absorbing material. A method of the evaluation of such effects is developed both for thermal and epithermal neutrons. Results of the calculation are discussed in comparison with the observed yields of153Gd,160Tb, and161Tb for the case of neutron irradiation of disc-shaped targets of gadolinium oxide.

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Abstract  

An analytical function for describing the response function of γ-rays from the NaI(Ti) detector was constructed with the purpose of establishing the method of automatic γ-ray spectrum analysis. The response was found to be divided into six portions; the function of each portion joins smoothly to the one representing the adjacent part. Empirical equations for the parameters specifying the response function were found as functions of the γ-ray energy in relation to the detector dimension. The obtained response function was fitted to the observed spectrum by the least squares method. The calculated spectrum agreed well with the observed one.

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Abstract  

The relative gamma-ray intensities in the energy region between 122 and 411 keV in the decay of152Eu were measured by using a Ge(Li) detector. Its efficiency calibration was carried out with the radioactive sources of241Am,57Co,203Hg,137Cs,133Ba,75Se,169Yb and192Ir.

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Abstract  

Tritium content in tritiated titanium was measured by the method of fluorescent X-ray detection with an intrinsic Ge detector. The conventional method of setting region-of-interest of overlapped X-ray peaks was developed. The Ti K and K X-ray peak profile of3H/Ti was compared with that of V-49 electron capture standard source. Effect of geometry and sample thickness on peak profile was discussed. Detection limit in this method was 0.187 GBq of tritium.

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Abstract  

Thermal stability of para (p--) and ortho (o-) isomers was investigated by CRTG and reaction kinetic analysis. The temperature started the mass decrease of o-isomer was about 20C lower than that of p-isomer by CRTG. The activation energies of thermal decomposition of o- and p-isomers were 136.9 and 153.4 kJ mol–1, respectively. The effect of steric hindrance on heat of formation was calculated by AM1 method using Win MOPAC3.0 for the model compound of p- and o-isomers. The lower stability of o-isomer was the results of the steric hindrance between the ethylene unit of aromatic ring and three alkyl chains.

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Abstract  

The reaction of238U with12C was studied radiochemically with the purpose of elucidating fast fission characteristics. Fast fission component was extracted in far-asymmetric mass region and interpreted as the mass diffusion following the Fokker-Planck equation. Anomalous charge dispersion widths in the corresponding mass region and a sudden increase of the whole mass distribution width at the critical energy were also observed to support the above interpretation. The reaction time of fast fission was determined to be 5·10−21 s from the width and position of the mass distribution.

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Abstract  

The role of the charge degree of freedom in the heavy-ion-induced fission was investigated by carrying out a systematic analysis of radiochemically observed charge distribution in the fission of238U with12C ions of the incident energy between 85 and 140 MeV, particularly in connection with the energy given to the compound system. The charge distribution was found to follow essentially identical systematics as those which govern the light-ion fission except for the extremely weak energy dependence of the most probable chargeZ p. That is, values of the derivative ofZ p with respect to the energy were found to be quite small, or nearly zero, in the heavy-ion fission as compared to those of the light-ion fission. According to an analysis combining the derivatives ofZ p and fission neutron data, it was deduced that the excess energy given to the fused system was spent completely in the form of pre-scission neutrons and hence the number of post-scission neutrons remained constant as in the case of light-ion fission. The observed charge distribution was reproduced under the conditions that the relaxation of the charge degree of freedom be very fast and that the separation between the two potential fragments at the moment when the charge degree of freedom has been frozen is determined by usingViola's systematics on the fragment kinetic energy.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
K. Takamiya
,
T. Inoue
,
K. Nakanishi
,
A. Yokoyama
,
N. Takahashi
,
T. Saito
,
H. Baba
, and
Y. Nakagome

Abstract  

In order to estimate the deformation rate of fission fragment at the scission point for thermal neutron-induced fission of233,235U and239Pu, double-velocity and double-energy measurements were carried out. As the result of the estimation of the deformation rate, two types of scission point configurations were found. One type is composed of deformed light and heavy fragments, and the other type is a combination of deformed light and spherical heavy fragments. Mass and total kinetic energy distributions were sorted in two distributions by means of the type of configuration.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
H. Natsume
,
H. Umezawa
,
T. Suzuki
,
F. Ichikawa
,
T. Sato
,
S. Baba
, and
H. Amano

Abstract  

A scheme for the sequential separation of fission products has been developed on the basis of ion-exchange techniques. It consists of a main cation-exchange process for group separation and subsidiary processes of cation or anion exchange for further separations or purifications of the individual fission products. By the present method, Zn, Rb, Sr, Y, (Zr), Mo, Pd, Cd, Te, Cs, Ba, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm, Eu and Tb can be separated simultaneously from an irradiated uranium sample. Of these, alkali, alkaline earth and rare earth metal ions are separated quantitatively. A polarographic method was applied to determine the recoveries of Zn, Mo, Pd, Cd and Te, which were not separated quantitatively.

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