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Summary A double endothermic peak appears in the DSC curve of a PTHF oligomer. In order to investigate this phenomenon, a two-component blend of PTHF was prepared with a number average molecular mass of M=1400, and the double endothermic phenomena were investigated by TM-DSC. The larger the amount of the long chain component in the PTHF blend, the smaller the difference between the C p-T curve and the normal DSC curve. The amounts of endothermic energy ?H endo,1, ?H endo,2 and exothermic energy ?H exo,1, ?H exo,2 in each peak at infinite modulation frequency were estimated.

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Abstract  

Poly(2-hydroxymethyl methacrylate) (PHEMA) suspension in anisole shows temperature dependent iridescence between 0 and 60C. To reveal the mechanism of the temperature-dependent iridescence, PHEMA-anisole mixtures were prepared, and their thermal behaviors have been studied by dynamic DSC (DDSC) technique. All the mixtures showed a broad peak at 325 K on loss part of DDSC curves (loss C pcurve), and showed a gentle step change between 250 and 340 K on the storage part (storageC p curve). A temperature region of these changes matched the observation of iridescence change. Temperature of the step change depended on the composition of mixture. The temperature dependence of iridescence of the polymer mixture has been attributed to the conformational changes of PHEMA chains.

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Abstract  

Using temperature-modulated differential scanning calorimetry, the melting behaviour of poly(oxytetramethylene)-alt-(aromatic oligoamide) (POTM-alt-AOA) has been studied in comparison with that of polyoxytetramethylene glycohols (POTMGs). The apparent melting temperature of the block copolymers is found to be less than that of the corresponding POTMGs by approximately 30°C. The relaxation time of melting of a POTM segment has been estimated and compared with that of POTMG. The relaxation time of POTM-alt-AOA is slightly shorter than that of POTMG when the molar mass of the POTM segment is 2900; however, it is longer when the molar mass is 1400.

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Thermal analysis of polymer networks consisting of different homopolymers

Poly(methacrylic acid)-net-poly(oxytetramethylene)

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: T. Kojima, M. Tsuchiya, and K. Tago

Abstract  

TG and DSC were carried out on PMAA-net-POTM in order to elucidate the relation between the heterogeneity and the thermal changes; moreover, TG and DSC were carried out on PPOTMDM and PMAA to compare the results. The onset temperature in the last stage in the TG curve of PMAA-net-POTM increases as the concentrations of DMF and POTMDM in the polymerization decrease. This is explained in terms of plasticizers effects. A single peak due to fusion of POTM chains appears in the DSC curves of most copolymers. However, it is not seen in the DSC curves of copolymers with high heterogeneity. This is explained in terms of the freezing of POTM chains by frozen heterogeneous moieties.

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Abstract  

The TG analyses are given for variously meta- and/or para-linked aromatic polyamides with various benzimidazolyl (BI)contents. The TG curves of the polymers were evaluated within 600C by use of an equation for multiple events. The TG curves of BI-substituted polymers are expressed for triple events, though the TG curves of unsubstituted polymer are expressed for double events. The amount of residue of BI-substituted polymers at 800C is larger than that of unsubstituted polymers, perhaps because moieties concerning BI degrade at higher temperatures.

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Summary {\rtf1\ansi\ansicpg1250\deff0\deflang1038\deflangfe1038\deftab708{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\fprq2\fcharset238{\*\fname Times New Roman;}Times New Roman CE;}} \viewkind4\uc1\pard\f0\fs20 New explanations are given for two types of irregular thermogravimetric (TG) data. A TG relationship between mass and temperature is derived on the basis of migration behavior of bubbles generated in bulk of sample system, and superposed on that derived on the basis of kinetics of the 4\super th\nosupersub order event, which is superposed on the experimental TG data obtained from three reference papers. This suggests that these TG data are reflecting migration of bubbles. A dependence of TG behavior on heating rate, which is contrary to usual that, is shown and is explained in terms of event-rate determination by boiling. \par }

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Abstract  

DSC studies are given for polytetrahydrofurans with molecular masses equal to 650, 1400, and 2900, for their blends, and for their cured samples. The samples were stored, annealed, and quenched to obtain the samples with different thermal histories. Two or more endothermic peaks appear in the DSC curves for the stored samples, even for the non-blended samples. A hyperbolic curve forced the plot of the highest melting temperature vs. the molecular mass to asymptote to about 50C. The relationship between the highest melting temperature and the composition for the blended samples is suitable to linear or Fox’s relation. A peak and a shoulder appear in the DSC curves of the cured samples. As the samples are cooled at the faster rates in the thermal treatment, the shoulder appears at the lower temperatures.

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Abstract  

The TG studies are presented for isomers of benzimidazolyl-substituted polyamides (BIPA). The TG data are compared with those polyamides (PA) of identical backbones without substitution, in view of the mechanism of thermal degradation. The TG mass loss curves divided to three temperature ranges reflect the decomposition reactions in the respective temperature ranges: (1) cleavage of single bonds of nitrogen to aromatic ring, (2) random scission of single bonds, (3) condensation of the remained rings. Liberation of benzimidazole rings occurs in the temperature range (2). The final product, char, contains benzimidazole rings. Terephthaloyl-rich BIPA's retard liberation of benzimidazole from the decomposed polymer.

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