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  • Author or Editor: T. Kovačić x
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Abstract  

The process of thermal degradation of poly(vinyl chloride)/poly(methyl methacrylate-butadiene-styrene) (PVC/MBS) blends was investigated by means of isothermal thermogravimetry in nitrogen. The total mass loss was determined after 120 min. The kinetic parameters of the degradation process were determined by applying two kinetic models: the model which assumes autocatalytic degradation (Prout-Tompkins) and the model of two-dimensional diffusion. It was established that the thermal degradation at lower degrees of conversion (α<0.20) was well described by the former model, but the latter model was applicable at higher degrees of conversion. The thermal stability of blends at a certain temperature of isothermal degradation depends on the blend composition and the shell/core ratio in MBS, and on the adhesion in the boundary layer in PVC/MBS blends.

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Abstract  

The PVC/ABS blends were degradated by means of isothermal thermogravimetry at temperatures at 210...240°C in nitrogen. Applying the stationary point method to the data obtained from thermogravimetric curves, apparent activation energy, preexponential factor and compensation parameter for each blend were calculated. The constancy of compensation parameters points to an unchanged mechanism of poly (vinyl-chloride) (PVC) thermal degradation in the presence of acrylonitrile butadiene-styrene (ABS). Upon increasing the fraction of ABS in the blend up to 50% only the kinetics of the process is changed.

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Abstract  

The thermooxidative degradation of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC), chlorinated polyethylene (CPE) and PVC/CPE blend 50/50 was investigated by means of dynamic and isothermal thermogravimetric analysis in the flowing atmosphere of air. To estimate the thermooxidative stability of the samples the characteristics of thermogravimetric (TG) curves were used. Kinetic parameters (the apparent activation energy E and preexponential factor Z) were calculated after isoconversional method for the first stage of dynamic degradation where dehydrochlorination (DHCl) of PVC and/or CPE is the main degradation reaction. Despite the chemical resemblance, the degradation mechanisms of CPE and PVC are different, as a consequence of differences in microregularity of the corresponding polymer chains. The addition of Ca/Zn carboxylates as well as the ratio of Ca and Zn carboxylates have considerably different influence on the investigated polymers.

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