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Abstract  

The following first order nonlinear differential equation with a deviating argument
\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \usepackage{bbm} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$x'(t) + p(t)[x(\tau (t))]^\alpha = 0$$ \end{document}
is considered, where α > 0, α ≠ 1, pC[t 0; ∞), p(t) > 0 for tt 0, τC[t 0; ∞), limt→∞ τ(t) = ∞, τ(t) < t for tt 0. Every eventually positive solution x(t) satisfying limt→∞ x(t) ≧ 0. The structure of solutions x(t) satisfying limt→∞ x(t) > 0 is well known. In this paper we study the existence, nonexistence and asymptotic behavior of eventually positive solutions x(t) satisfying limt→∞ x(t) = 0.
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Abstract  

Adsorption experiments were performed to measure distribution coefficients of237Np(V),238Pu(IV) and241Am(III) for sedimentary sequential chemical extraction of the adsorbed radionuclides was carried out with water, CaCl2, KCl, NH2OH−HCl, K-oxalate and H2O2 solutions, to elucidate their dominant sorption mechanisms. The distribution coefficient of237Np was two orders of magnitude smaller than that of238Pu and241Am. Most of237Np adsorbed was extracted with CaCl2 solution and its sorption was controlled by a reversible ion exchange reaction. The adsorbed238Pu was mainly extracted with NH2OH−HCl+K-oxalate solution and its sorption was possibly controlled by irreversible reactions.

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Abstract  

Sol-gel-derived titania films were analyzed by temperature programmed desorption (TPD) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. The relationship between the TPD curves measured for two types of titania gel films and their crystal structures was investigated. On the basis of the analyses, a preparation process for a titania sol solution containing anatase nanocrystals was designed and developed. Using this process, a colloidal anatase titania sol solution was prepared by heating aqueous titanium hydroxide containing HCl at 60�C for 2 h. The nanocrystal structure of the titania films obtained by coating the sol on glass substrates was confirmed by TPD and XRD measurements.

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Summary As one of the typical examples of producing an amorphous dehydration product, the thermal dehydration process of K2B4O7·4H2O was subjected to thermoanalytical and morphological studies. An anhydrous glass was formed via three distinguished dehydration stages. The overall thermal dehydration process was characterized as a self-induced sol-gel process to form anhydrous glass. The as produced anhydrous glass exhibited glass transition at around 700 K and subsequently crystallized via two consecutive exothermic peaks at around 770 and 900 K. The final crystallization product, triclinic K2B4O7, melted at 1072 K.

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Abstract  

The effect of atmospheric water vapor on the kinetic rate behavior of the thermal decomposition of copper(II) carbonate hydroxide, Cu2CO3(OH)2, was investigated by means of TG-DTA coupled with a programmable humidity controller. With increasing water vapor pressure p(H2O) from 0.8 to 10.6 kPa, a systematic reduction of the reaction temperature of the thermal decomposition was observed as the continuous trend from the previous works at the lower p(H2O). Through a comparative kinetic analysis of the reaction at different p(H2O), a catalytic action of the atmospheric water vapor on the nucleation process at the first half of the reaction was identified as the possible origin of the reduction of the reaction temperature.

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Abstract  

Phthalocyanineiron(II) (FePc) and phthalocyaninato[(2-)bispyridine]iron(II) (FePc(py)2) synthesized in supercage of NaY, KY and RbY zeolite have been characterized by Mössbauer and ESR spectroscopy. The yield of formation of the pyridine adduct depends on the ionic radius of the alkali ions introduced into the supercage, but not on the number of iron ions trapped in the cages, suggesting that free space in the supercage was the most important factor for the formation of the FePc-py-adducts.

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Abstract  

Pyridine-treated phthalocyanineiron (II) (FePc) was synthesized in a NaY-zeolite supercage. Mössbauer spectra indicated the presence of pyridine-inactive FePc without any change of Mössbauer parameters. The relative yield of the inactive complex was not simply dependent on the amount of iron doped and the temperature during reduction for preparation. Spin-spin interaction may have broadened the ESR signal at g=6 for FePc in zeolite, suggesting that the FePc molecules are located close together in zeolite. It is postulated that two types of FePc in zeolite particle were formed, in accordance with the reactivity of FePc to pyridine adduct formation.

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Abstract  

The literature indicates that the interaction of Tb3+ with DNA modified by the antitumour drug cis-diaminedichloroplatinum(II) (CDDP) results in substantial enhancement of the fluorescence of this cation, while no enhancement is observed in the case of DNA modified by irradiation with ionizing radiation. This study investigates the effect of Tb3+ on the survival of cultured mammalian cells treated with CDDP. HeLa cells were treated with a combination of195mPt-CDDP and TbCl3, and the relationship between lethal effect and the numbers of Tb and/or Pt atoms binding to DNA, RNA and proteins was examined. The Tb content in each fraction was determined using instrumental neutron activation analysis. It was found that the cytotoxic effect of CDDP was greatly enhanced by the presence of Tb ions (D0 of CDDP fell from 8.3 μM without Tb to 3.2 μM with 0.75 mM Tb), while no such effect was found in radiation-induced cell-killing. The number of Tb atoms bound to DNA molecules in a cell was calculated to be about 4.5·107, namely 1 per 1.400 nucleotides, under that situation.

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Abstract  

The lanthanides (REEs) in 142 fern leaves collected from 9 sampling sites in Japan were analyzed by instrumental neutron activation analysis. Between two REEs a strong positive correlation was found in the logarithmic scattering diagram with correlation and regression coefficients close to unity, suggesting neither selective accumulation by plants nor different availability from soil between the two elements. However, between Tb and the other REEs the relationship showed two lines with the same correlation coefficient. This suggested that there must be a difference in the availability of REEs or in their absorption characteristics by plants. Further analysis revealed that the splitting was due to some difference in the environmental factors where the fern grew. However, the amount of REE in the soil collected together with the corresponding fern did not reflect the REE concentration in the fern leaves.

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