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  • Author or Editor: V. F. Nascimento x
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Summary  

This paper presents the first measurement of the elemental composition of the suspended particulate matter in the atmosphere of Londrina city (Paraná State, Brazil). The sampling was accomplished in the summer of 2003 and in the winter of 2002, with a stacker filter holder, collecting simultaneously the fine particulates (PM2.5) and the coarse particulates (PM10). The concentration of K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Br and Pb associated with particulate matter was determined by energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence. The results of the grouping analysis suggested that the elements in the aerosol particles came from two sources: soil re-suspension and industrial or anthropogenic activities.

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The objective of this study was to use synchrotron radiation total reflection X-ray fluorescence analysis (SR-TXRF) for the determination of metals and other elements in food available to the population in commercial establishments, in order to evaluate the risks of contamination by these products. The analyzed species were vegetables, leafy vegetables, fruits, cereal and grain. The results indicated that some species were contaminated by Cr, Cu, Zn and Pb with concentrations much higher than the reference values.

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Total reflection X-ray fluorescence (TXRF) was used to evaluate the availability and contamination of inorganic elements in sediment samples from Atibaia River, located at Piracicaba Basin, near the Campinas region, São Paulo State, Brazil. The total contents (geological matrix) and the concentration of elements weakly linked to the sediment (available fraction) were determined. The availability of these elements was evaluated through the ratios between available fractions and total contents. The results showed that the elements Mn, Ni, Cu and Zn are easily available in the aquatic environment.

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Summary  

This study uses fishes as indicators of metal contamination in the Piracicaba Basin and also for evaluation of the risks to human health by the ingestion of fish contaminated by metals and other potentially toxic elements. Based on total reflection X-ray fluorescence analysis, Al, Si, P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn and Ba were detected and evaluated in the muscle and viscus (liver, intestine and stomach) of fish collected in the Piracicaba River.

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Summary  

Energy dispersion X-ray fluorescence technique (EDXRF) was employed to study the effects of the fumagina disease through the elementary chemical composition of leaves. The experimental setup consisted of a Mo X-ray tube (Kµ=17.44 keV) with Zr filter and a Si(Li) detector. The measurements were performed with infected and healthy leaves of citric plants. The elements Ti, Mn, Fe, Cu and Zn were quantified. For all the elements of interest the measured detection limit was at the order of mg . g-1.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: S. Moreira, A. E. S. Vives, O. L. A. D. Zucchi, E. F. O. de Jesus, V. F. Nascimento Filho, and S. M. B. Brienza

Summary  

In this study the concentrations of P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Mn, Fe, Zn and Br in twenty-nine brands of national and international beers were determined by synchrotron radiation total reflection X-ray fluorescence analysis (SR-TXRF). The results were compared with the limits established by the Brazilian legislation and the nutritional values established by National Agricultural Library (NAL, USA). The measurements were performed at the X-Ray Fluorescence Beamline at Brazilian National Synchrotron Light Laboratory, in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil, using a polychromatic beam for excitation. A small volume of 5 ml of beers containing an internal standard used to correct geometry effects was analyzed without pretreatment. The measuring time was 100 seconds and the detection limits obtained varied from 1 mg . l-1 for Mn and Fe to 15 mg . l-1 for P.

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