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  • Author or Editor: V. Furrer x
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Abstract  

La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Tb, Yb and Lu were determined in needles of age class 5 from 6 individual Norway spruce trees and in their soils. Measurements were done by neutron activation analysis with a group separation of the REE. Concentrations in spruce needles are among the lowest values reported for plant leaves. Concentrations show small variations between the soils, but large variations between the trees. The mean ratio plant/soil is about 5·10–3 forall REE except Ce. Needles have no Eu-anomaly and a strong negative Ce-anomaly with respect to the soil. In addition to the fractionation of the individual REE between trees and the soil, there is also a considerable fractionation between the trees.

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Abstract  

The Si determination with epithermal neutrons using the reaction28Si (n,p)28Al is described. Thermal neutrons are eliminated from the irradiation position with a BN-shield. Two first order interfering reactions with P and with Al necessitate appropriate corrections. The interfering reaction on Al is shown to depend heavily on the hydrogen (H) content of the sample, which therefore must be taken into account. The lower application range in plant samles is estimated to be 500 g g–1. Reproducibility is <5% in suitable cases, but not as good if the necessary corrections are large. The capacity is 25 samples per 8 h. The method is applied to 3 plant standards (rice, hay and pine needles) and to 47 samples of spruce needles. The applicability to different plant materials is mainly limited by their relative Al, P and Si concentrations. Literature values are use to find plant categories in which Si can be reasonably determined by instrumental epithermal neutron activation analysis (IENA).

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Abstract  

Samples of various types (spruce needles, blackberry leaves, soils, and soil extracts) have each been taken at 6 places from the same site. In addition, 4 whirls each from 2 spruce trees were sampled. Rare earth elements (REEs) were determined in these samples by neutron activation analysis with a chemical group separation. Variations between places were found to be small with soils and soil extracts, but large with plants. Variations between whirls were small. Plants neither reflected the soil nor the soil extract. Both plant species were dissimilar, but the logarithm of their ratio was a linear function of the atomic number of the REE. A negative Ce anomaly (with respect to soil) was found in both plant species.

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