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Abstract  

Selenite was boiled in KCl solutions of different concentrations at the respective boiling temperatures and atmospheric pressure. The products were subjected to X-ray diffraction analysis, qualitative infrared analysis, differential thermal analysis and microscopic examination. The product obtained in 1.0 M KCl solution was the -form of calcium sulphate hemihydrate (-CaSO4·0.5H2O). In more concentrated KCl solution (1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 3.5 or 4.0 M), the -form of calcium sulphate hemihydrate (-CaSO4·0.5H2O) was formed, and a reaction took place between KCl and CaSO4, which gave a double salt: potassium pentacalcium sulphate monohydrate (K2SO4·5CaSO4·H2O).

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Abstract

Kinetics of the thermal decomposition of 3-methylaminopropylamine which was used as a structure-directing agent in the synthesis of AlPO4-21 has been studied under isothermal and non-isothermal conditions. The decomposition is a single-step reaction occurring in the 573–663 K range. It is a phase-boundary-controlled process, described by the ‘F2/3, R3’ kinetic model. The activation energy values obtained under the non-isothermal and isothermal conditions lie in the 173–151 kJ mol−1 range.

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