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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: M. Galamboš, V. Paučová, J. Kufčáková, O. Rosskopfová, P. Rajec, and R. Adamcová

Abstract  

The physical and chemical properties of illitic clay minerals from Slovak deposit suitable for application in engineering barriers for high level radioactive waste repositories and spent nuclear fuels were studied. The isolation of spent nuclear fuels and high level radioactive wastes from the outer environment in a deep repository is gained by means of a system of multiple engineering and natural sealing barriers. Vital segments in a multiple barrier system are clay rocks, of which bentonites represent the most suitable clay material. Cs-adsorption on fine fractions of adsorbents (bentonites from three Slovak deposits: Jelšový potok J15, Kopernica K15, Lieskovec L15 and montmorillonite K10) has been studied with using batch of radiometric techniques. Adsorption parameters have been determined for adsorbent-cesium solution system as a function of contact time and adsorbate concentration. The influences of pH change, the effect of competitive cations, complex-forming organic chelating agents on the adsorption of Cs have also been studied.

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