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Abstract  

Thermal behaviour of CuS (covellite) obtained from the Cu(CH3COO)2·H2O and Na2S2O3·5H2O system, working at different molar ratio (1:6 and 1:4) in presence/absence of NH4VO3, was studied. It was established that the presence of vanadium in the system induces a densification of CuS nodules, but do not change the hexagonal CuS structure. It has an important influence in thermal behaviour of copper sulfide CuS obtained also. The morphological characteristics of CuS play an important role in the thermal stability and the stoichiometry of the thermal decompositions. Also, the possibility to obtain copper sulfides with greater cooper content was investigated.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
M. Crişan
,
Ana Brăileanu
,
M. Răileanu
,
D. Crişan
,
V. Teodorescu
,
R. Bîrjega
,
V. Marinescu
,
J. Madarász
, and
G. Pokol

Abstract  

Pure TiO2 and S-doped TiO2 sol–gel nanopowders were prepared by controlled hydrolysis-condensation of titanium alkoxides. The influence of different Ti-alkoxides (tetraethyl-, tetraisopropyl- and tetrabutyl-orthotitanate) used in obtaining TiO2 porous materials in similar conditions (water/alkoxide ratio, solvent/alkoxide ratio, pH and temperature of reaction) has been investigated. The relationship between the synthesis conditions and the properties of titania nanosized powders, such as thermal stability, phase composition, crystallinity, morphology and size of particles, BET surface area and the influence of dopant was investigated. The nature of the alkyl group strongly influences the main characteristics of the obtained oxide powders, fact which is pointed out by thermal analysis, X-ray diffraction, TEM and BET surface area measurements.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
Maria Crişan
,
Ana Brăileanu
,
D. Crişan
,
Mălina Răileanu
,
N. Drăgan
,
Diana Mardare
,
V. Teodorescu
,
Adelina Ianculescu
,
Ruxandra Bîrjega
, and
M. Dumitru

Abstract  

Among the great number of sol-gel materials prepared, TiO2 holds one of the most important places due to its photocatalytic properties, both in the case of powders and coatings. Impurity doping is one of the typical approaches to extend the spectral response of a wide band gap semiconductor to visible light. This work has studied some un-doped and Pd-doped sol-gel TiO2 nanopowders, presenting various surface morphologies and structures. The obtained powders have been embedded in vitreous TiO2 matrices and the corresponding coatings have been prepared by dipping procedure, on glass substrates. The relationship between the synthesis conditions and the properties of titania nanosized materials, such as thermal stability, phase composition, crystallinity, morphology and size of particles, and the influence of dopant was investigated. The influence of Pd on TiO2 crystallization both for supported and unsupported materials was studied (lattice parameters, crystallite sizes, internal strains). The hydrophilic properties of the films were also connected with their structure, composition and surface morphology. The methods used for the characterization of the materials have been: simultaneous thermogravimetry and differential thermal analysis, powder X-ray diffraction, electron microscopy (TEM, SAED) and AFM.

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