Authors:S. Khalameida, V. Sydorchuk, J. Skubiszewska-Zięba, R. Leboda, and V. Zazhigalov
In this article, mechanochemical synthesis of barium titanate from different raw materials was studied. The prepared nanodispersed
powders were investigated by means of XRD, DTA-TG, DSC, FTIR, Raman, UV–VIS, ESR spectroscopy, and low-temperature adsorption
of nitrogen. Barium titanate possessing high specific surface area was produced directly during dry milling from the mixtures
of barium oxides and titanium dioxide low-temperature forms (amorphous and anatase).
Authors:V. Sydorchuk, O. Makota, S. Khalameida, L. Bulgakova, J. Skubiszewska-Zięba, R. Leboda, and V. Zazhigalov
The deposition of molybdenum and vanadium oxides onto fumed silica, titania, and alumina as supports through dry milling has been carried out. The structure of prepared compositions has been investigated by means of XRD, DTA–TG, FTIR, and UV–Vis spectroscopy, nitrogen adsorption. The deposited crystal phases are sufficiently uniformly distributed on support surface. The supported oxides are subjected to dispersion in process of milling to the state of oligomeric or isolated species. Milled bulk and deposited MoO3 (first of all, on alumina) possesses improved catalytic performance in process of epoxidation of 1-octene. Vanadium pentoxide also has higher activity in this process.
Authors:Yu. Trach, V. Sydorchuk, O. Makota, S. Khalameida, R. Leboda, J. Skubiszewska-Zięba, and V. Zazhigalov
Deposited catalysts composition H3PMo12O40/SiO2 and Ag/H3PMo12O40/SiO2 have been synthesized on the basis of fumed silica, including milling technique. Physical–chemical characteristics of prepared catalysts have been studied by means of XRD, DTA-TG, FTIR, UV–Vis spectroscopy, and adsorption of nitrogen. Catalysts possess meso- or meso-macroporous structure and contain deposited Keggin heteropolycompounds. Deposition of heteropolycompounds on support with high specific surface area results in increase of selectivity to epoxide in epoxidation reactions. The use of milling during catalyst synthesis leads to further growth of selectivity of epoxides formation.
Authors:V. Sydorchuk, S. Khalameida, V. Zazhigalov, J. Skubiszewska-Zięba, and R. Leboda
Physicochemical processes during thermal treatment of vanadium and phosphorus oxides mixture (1) as well as with diammonium
hydrophosphate (2) in the closed system (autoclave) have been studied. In the first case, at 300 °C, the defective structure
γ-VOPO4 is formed and in the second case, there was established possibility of synthesis of vanadyl hydrophosphate—the precursor
of vanadyl pyrophosphate (the catalyst of n-butane oxidation to maleic anhydride). At the same time, various phases of mixed ammonium and vanadium phosphates were obtained
at lower and higher temperatures.
Authors:V. Sydorchuk, W. Janusz, S. Khalameida, E. Skwarek, J. Skubiszewska-Zięba, R. Leboda, and V. Zazhigalov
Deposited zirconium phosphate samples on the base of silica and titania have been prepared using the sol–gel and mechanochemical methods. Porous structure, phase composition, and electrokinetic parameters have been studied by means of nitrogen adsorption–desorption, XRD, DTA-TG, FTIR, electrophoresis, and potentiometric titration. The compositions possess varied parameters of porous structure, structure of deposited phase, and electrokinetic properties depending on support nature and synthesis conditions.
Authors:S. Khalameida, J. Skubiszewska-Zięba, V. Zazhigalov, R. Leboda, and K. Wieczorek-Ciurowa
Mechanochemical treatment (MChT) in various media (water, air, ethanol) of the V2O5/ammonium dimolybdate composition at the ratio V:Mo = 0.7:0.3 has been carried out. Physicochemical transformations in this
system have been studied by means of X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and thermal analysis as well as FTIR spectroscopy. Ammonium
dimolybdate undergoes hydration with formation of 4-aqueous ammonium paramolybdate during the MChT in water. Changes of phase
and chemical composition at activation are determined first of all by nature of medium in which milling was carried out. Maximal
interaction of components occurs during modification of the studied system in water.
Authors:E. Skwarek, S. Khalameida, W. Janusz, V. Sydorchuk, N. Konovalova, V. Zazhigalov, J. Skubiszewska-Zięba, and R. Leboda
Mechanochemical activation of individual V2O5, MoO3 and mixed vanadium-molybdenum oxide system in various media (air, water, and ethanol) has been studied. Powder X-ray diffraction, nitrogen adsorption–desorption, thermogravimetric and chemical analysis, FTIR and Raman spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy have been used for research of prepared milled samples. The electrokinetic properties (dependence zeta potential—pH, position of isoelectric point) of individual V2O5, MoO3 and mixed vanadium–molybdenum oxide system, synthesized via mechanochemical treatment in various medium, in aqueous solutions of electrolytes also have been determined. Initial, milled, and spent samples are characterized with the help of XRD, FTIR and Raman spectroscopy, and SEM and adsorption of nitrogen. The catalytic properties of vanadium–molybdenum oxide composition activated in different media have been investigated in reaction of oxidation dehydrogenation of propane.