Authors:Magda Alania, Varya Dyakonova, and D. A. Sakharov
In the pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis, D-glucose action was investigated on electrical activity of identified central neurons. In the CNS preparations isolated from specimens that starved for 24-96 h, D-glucose added to a standard or HiDi saline at 500-700 mg/ml effectively hyperpolarized ca. 90% of feeding related neurons B1, SO and CGC. However, not all feeding-related neurons examined were responsive to glucose. Experiments on cells of the serotonergic Pedal A cluster have shown that hyperpolarizing action of D-glucose is retained following complete isolation of «hunger» neurons. Threshold concentration producing 1-3 mV hyperpolarization was ca. 50 mg/ml. The results suggest a direct glucose involvement in the mechanisms that control feeding behavior in Lymnaea.
Authors:L. Hernádi, L. Hiripi, Varya Dyakonova, J. Győri, and Ágnes Vehovszky
We investigated the effect of food intake on the serotonin and dopamine levels of the CNS as well as on the spontaneous firing activity of the CGC in isolated preparations from starved, feeding and satiated animals. Furthermore we investigated the effects of 1 µM serotonin and/or dopamine and their mixture on the firing activity of the CGC. The HPLC assay of serotonin and dopamine showed that during food intake both the serotonin and dopamine levels of the CNS increased whereas in satiated animals their levels were not significantly more than the control levels. Recording from the CGC in isolated CNS preparation from starved, feeding or satiated animals showed that feeding increased the firing frequency of the CGC compared to the starved control. The application of 1 µM dopamine decreased the firing frequency whereas the application of 1 µM serotonin increased the firing frequency of the CGC. We conclude that during food intake the external and internal food stimuli increase the activity of the central monoaminergic system and also increase the levels of monoamines in the CNS. Furthermore, we also suggest that the increased dopamine and serotonin levels both affect the activity of the serotonergic neurons during the different phases of feeding.