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  • Author or Editor: Veronica Lazar x
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Abstract  

The investigations concerning the thermal behaviour of a series of Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes of type [NiLCl2mH2O ((1) L:L1, m=6; (3) L:L2, m=4) or [CuLCl]nCln·mnH2O ((2) L:L1, m=6; (4) L:L2, m=4) are presented. The ligands L(1) and L(2) have been synthesised by template condensation of 3,6-diazaoctane-1,8-diamine or 1,2-diaminoethane with formaldehyde and 2-amino-4H-1,2,4-triazole. The bonding and stereochemistry of the complexes have been characterised by IR, electronic and magnetic studies at room temperature. The in vitro qualitative and quantitative antimicrobial activity assays showed that the complexes exhibited variable antimicrobial activity against planktonic as well as biofilm embedded Gram-negative, Gram-positive and fungal strains. The thermal behaviour provided confirmation of the complexes composition as well as the number and nature of water molecules and the intervals of thermal stability.

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Abstract  

Schiff bases obtained by the condensation of 2-amino-5-mercapto-1,3,4-thiadiazole with 2,4-pentandione or 1-phenyl-1,3-butandione were synthesized and characterized in order to obtain polydentate ligands HL1 and HL2, respectively. The complexes with these ligands of the type M(L)Cl·nH2O [(1) M:Ni, L:L1, n = 0.5; (3) M:Ni, L:L2, n = 0.5]; [(2) M:Cu, L:L1, n = 1; (4) M:Cu, L:L2, n = 0] were also synthesized and characterized. The modifications evidenced in IR spectra of complexes were correlated with the presence of monodeprotonate Schiff bases. The electronic spectra display the characteristic pattern of square-planar stereochemistry. The in vitro qualitative and quantitative antimicrobial activity assays showed that the new complexes exhibited variable antimicrobial activity. The thermal analyses have evidenced the thermal intervals of stability and also the thermodynamic effects that accompany them. Schiff bases and complexes have a similar thermal behaviour. Processes as water elimination, melting, chloride anion removal as well as oxidative degradation of the organic ligands were observed.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Rodica Olar, Mihaela Badea, Veronica Lazar, Carmen Balotescu, Elena Cristurean, and Dana Marinescu

Abstract  

N,N-Dimethylbiguanide derivatives (HDMBG)X, where X=CH3COO (1), Cl (2) and NO3 (3) respectively, exhibit in vitro antimicrobial activity on representative bacterial and fungal strains. The presence of N,N-dimethylbiguanidium ion for all derivatives was evidenced by IR and 1H NMR spectra. Thermal analysis gave information on their decomposition steps and also on the accompanying thermodynamic effects. According to TG and DTG curves processes as melting, oxidative degradation as well as oxidative condensation of –C=N– units occur. The different nature of the anions results different melting points. Paracyanide formation at various condensation degrees was observed.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Rodica Olar, Mihaela Badea, Oana Carp, Dana Marinescu, Veronica Lazar, Carmen Balotescu, and Anca Dumbrava

Abstract  

The investigation concerning the synthesis, spectrochemical and biological properties as well as thermal stability of some tiosulfato-and sulfato copper(II) complexes of type [Cuphen(S2O3)(H2O)n]·mH2O (phen: 1,10-phenanthroline; (1): n=2, m=0; (2): n=2, m=0.5) and respectively [Cuphen(OSO3)(H2O)n] ((3): n=0; (4): n=2) are presented in this paper. The bonding and stereochemistry of the complexes have been characterised by IR and electronic studies. The in vitro qualitative and quantitative assays of the antimicrobial activity of the tested compounds vs. planktonic and adherent Gram negative bacterial strains isolated from different surfaces in the hospital environment demonstrated that all compounds exhibited very good antimicrobial activity vs. Escherichia coli, Klebsiella sp. and Enterobacter sp. with very low M.I.C. values. The thermal analysis has evidenced the thermal intervals of stability and also the thermodynamics effects that accompany them both in synthetic air and argon. The thermal behaviour is complex according to DTG and DSC curves including dehydration as well as thiosulfate and phenanthroline decomposition.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Rodica Olar, Mihaela Badea, Dana Marinescu, Emilia Iorgulescu, Eliza Frunza, Veronica Lazar, and Carmen Chifiriuc

Abstract  

New complexes of type [Cu(HTBG)2]Cl2 (1), [Cu(TBG)2]·3H2O (2) and [CuL]·nH2O (3) L:L1, n = 2 and (4) L:L2, n = 1 (HTBG: 2-tolylbiguanide, L1 and L2: ligands resulted from 2-tolylbiguanide, ammonia/hydrazine and formaldehyde one pot condensation) were synthesised and characterised. The features of complexes have been assigned from microanalytical, IR and UV–Vis data. Redox behaviour was established by cyclic voltammetry. The in vitro qualitative and quantitative antimicrobial activity assays showed that the complexes exhibited variable antimicrobial activity against Gram-negative and Gram-positive strains isolated from the hospital environment. The thermal analyses have evidenced the thermal intervals of stability and also the thermodynamic effects that accompany them. After water elimination, complexes have a similar thermal behaviour. Processes as water elimination, melting, chloride anion removal as well as oxidative degradation of the organic ligands were observed. The final product of decomposition was copper (II) oxide.

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Copper(II) complexes with N,N-dimethylbiguanide

Thermal, spectroscopic and biological characterization

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Rodica Olar, Mihaela Badea, Maria Grecu, Dana Marinescu, Veronica Lazar, and Carmen Balotescu

Abstract  

The N,N-dimethylbiguanide (HDMBG) complexes [Cu2(HDMBG)2Cl4] (1) and respectively [Cu(HDMBG)2]Cl2·2H2O (2) exhibit in vitro antimicrobial activity. The complexes were characterised by IR, electronic as well as EPR spectra. The IR spectra of complexes show the pattern of N,N-dimethylbiguanide coordinated as chelate. The electronic and EPR data are in agreement with a square pyramidal stereochemistry for (1) and a square planar one for (2). The in vitro qualitative and quantitative antimicrobial activity assays showed that the complexes exhibited variable antimicrobial activity against Gram-negative strains (Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp. and Enterobacter sp.) isolated from the hospital environment. The thermal analysis has evidenced the thermal intervals of stability and also the thermodynamic effects that accompany them. The thermal behaviour in nitrogen is complex according to TG and DTA curves including melting, dehydration as well as compounds decomposition.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Mihaela Badea, Rodica Olar, Dana Marinescu, Veronica Lazar, Carmen Chifiriuc, and Gina Vasile

Abstract  

This paper reports the investigation on the thermal stability of new complexes with mixed ligands of the type [Cd(NN)(C3H3O2)2(H2O)m]·nH2O [(1) NN: 1,10-phenantroline, m = 1, n = 0; (2) NN: 2,2′-bipyridine, m = 0, n = 1.5 and (C3H3O2): acrylate anion]. The IR data indicate a bidentate coordination mode for both heterocyclic amine and acrylate. The in vitro qualitative and quantitative antimicrobial activity assays showed that the complexes exhibited variable antimicrobial activity against planktonic as well as biofilm embedded Gram-negative (Escherichia coli, Klebsiella sp., Proteus sp., Salmonella sp., Shigella sp., Acinetobacter boumani, Pseudomonas aeruginosa), Gram-positive (Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus) and fungal (Candida albicans) strains, reference and isolated ones from the hospital environment. The thermal behaviour steps were investigated in synthetic air flow. The thermal transformations are complex processes according to TG and DTA curves including dehydration, amine as well as acrylate thermolysis. The final products of decomposition are the most stable metal oxides.

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