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  • Author or Editor: Viktória Vágány x
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From reed biofilm samples of Kelemen-szék (Kiskunság National Park, KNP) and Nagy-Vadas (Hortobágy National Park, HNP) altogether 260 bacterial isolates were gained after serial dilutions and plating onto different media. Following a primary selection 164 strains were investigated by “traditional” phenotypic tests and clustered by numerical analysis. Fifty-six representative strains were selected to ARDRA and 16S rDNA sequence analysis for identification. Strains were identified as members of genera Agrobacterium, Paracoccus, Halomonas, Pseudomonas, Bacillus, Planococcus and Nesterenkonia . The species diversity was also investigated by a cultivation independent method. A clone library was constructed using the community DNA isolated from the biofilm sample of Kelemen-szék. Screening of the 140 bacterial clones resulted in 45 different ARDRA groups. Sequence analysis of the representatives revealed a great phylogenetic diversity. A considerable majority of the clones was affiliated with uncultured bacterial clones (with sequence similarity between 93 and 99%) originating from diverse environmental samples (for example salt marshes, compost or wastewater treatment plants). The DNA sequences of other clones showed the presence of genera Flavobacterium, Sphingobacterium, Pseudomonas and Agrobacterium .

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Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Gergely Krett
Viktória Vágány
Judit Makk
Katalin Jáger
Mária Reskóné
Károly Márialigeti
, and
Andrea Borsodi

Lake Hévíz is the largest natural warm water lake of Europe. The curative mud of the lake comprises volcanic and marsh components although their species composition is hardly known yet. The aim of the present study was to gain information about the distribution and species diversity of bacterial communities inhabiting the sediment of Lake Hévíz using cultivation-based and molecular cloning methods. Samples from two depths and locations were taken in 2004 and 2007. Representatives of the altogether 255 bacterial isolates were affiliated with the phyla Firmicutes, Actinobacteria, Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes. The most abundant groups belonged to the genus Bacillus (Firmicutes). Many of Lake Hévíz isolates showed the highest sequence similarity to bacteria known to be plant associated or members of normal human microbiota as well as participating in decomposition of highly resistant organic materials. In the three clone libraries, phylotypes belonging to altogether different phyla (Firmicutes, Actinobacteria, Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Cyanobacteria, Chlorobi, Chloroflexi, Deferribacteres, Nitrospirae, Spirochaetes and Verrucomicrobia) were revealed from which members of Gammaproteobacteria and Cyanobacteria proved to be the most abundant. Regardless of the sampling times and methodology used, high spatial heterogeneities of bacterial community structures were characteristic of the sediment of Lake Hévíz.

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