Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 1 of 1 items for

  • Author or Editor: Vinay J. Shukla x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All Modify Search

The aim of this study was to isolate and identify three biologically active flavonoids, quercetin, kaempferol, and apigenin, from the hydrolyzed methanolic extract of three indigenous medicinal Cordia species, i.e., Cordia macleodii, Cordia dichotoma, and Cordia rothi barks using preparative thin-layer chromatography (TLC) and high-performance (HP)TLC methods. The isolation of flavonoid fraction was accomplished by preparative TLC method using reference standard. For achieving good separation, a mobile phase of toluene–ethyl acetate–GAA–formic acid (5:5:0.5:1) was used. The ultraviolet (UV)-based densitometry determination was carried out at 254 nm in reflection—absorption mode. The antioxidant compounds in the samples were screened through 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) derivatization method. The method was partially validated in terms of linearity, specificity, and sensitivity. All three standards showed good linearity in the range of 2500–7500 ng with respect to area. Limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantitation (LOQ) for quercetin were 9.4 and 28 ng; for apigenin, 30 and 92 ng; and for kaempferol, 57 and 173 ng. From the analysis, quercetin (0.21%) and kaempferol (0.19%) in C. rothi and apigenin (0.28%) in C. dichotoma were found to be the highest. The isolation and identification of these flavonoids have not yet been found in the literature and they are reported in this study for first time. From this, it is concluded that planar chromatography has a potential as a rapid and simple tool for the identification and quantification of phytochemicals in complex mixtures and marker-based samples.

Restricted access