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  • Author or Editor: Vladyslav Sikora x
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Authors: Anatolii Romaniuk, Vladyslav Sikora, Mykola Lyndin, Vladyslav Smiyanov, Volodymyr Sikora, Yulia Lyndina, Artem Piddubnyi, Nataliya Gyryavenko and Anna Korobchanska


This study is aimed to the investigation of the features of morphological changes in the urinary bladder of mature rats.


Received results shown that the experimental group of rats that had the intake of heavy metal salts (HMS) mixture during 30 and 90 days were observed histological and immunohistochemical changes in all structures of the urinary bladder. Depending on the period of influence of heavy metal ions on the wall of the organ, the pathological changes developed in cellular layers of the wall can lead to degenerative and later to atrophic and sclerotic changes.


This study demonstrates that high concentrations of HMS can significantly influence the body. The histological and immunohistochemical studies showed that the influence of the HMS combination leads to deep morphological changes in all structures of the urinary bladder. These changes depend on the period of intake of HMS. Analysis of the obtained results demonstrates the dependence of expression of morphological changes in the urinary bladder on the experiment duration. The final result of these changes may lead to the disorders of bladder’s functions.

Open access
Authors: Anatolii Romaniuk, Yuliia Lyndina, Vladyslav Sikora, Mykola Lyndin, Ludmyla Karpenko, Oksana Gladchenko and Igor Masalitin


This article is devoted to the investigation of the structural features of the bone marrow of mature rats.

Materials and methods

The investigation of the structural features of the bone marrow was performed on the femurs of the mature male rats. General structure of the organ was studied with hematoxylin–eosin and Van Gieson staining of samples. Certain features of the bone marrow structure were studied using immunohistochemical method (CD3, CD79α, S100, myeloperoxidase, and cyclin D1).


We can state that stromal–parenchymal structure is typical for the bone marrow of rats as for any other organ. The stromal component is presented with bone tissue (48.8 ± 3.3% at epiphyses), the net of blood vessels (18.7 ± 2.1%), fat tissue (11 ± 2%), fibrous tissue (0.7 ± 0.2%), and the network of reticular fibers. Hematopoietic tissue covers 20.9 ± 3.7% at the femoral epiphyses and 69.6 ± 2.2% at diaphysis. Among these tissues, myelopoiesis occupies 74.2 ± 4.7%, erythropoiesis – 24.3 ± 4.7%, and lymphopoiesis – less than 5%. Megalokaryocytes take 0.1–0.3%.


Considering the lack of significant anatomical, morphological, and histological differences of red bone marrow of rats and humans, we can state that hematopoiesis in rats takes place on the basis of the same principles as in humans, although it has certain mechanisms.

Open access
Authors: Olexandr Smiyan, Mykola Lyndin, Oksana Romaniuk, Vladyslav Sikora, Artem Piddubnyi, Alla Yurchenko, Anna Korobchanska, Iryna Tarasova, Natalia Hyryavenko, Kateryna Sikora and Anatolii Romaniuk

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in pregnant women is rare experience, but it can complicate the gestation by increasing the risk of miscarriage and premature birth. However, the adequate carrying of the pregnancy is possible for women who suffered from leukemia in childhood and achieved the remission during the treatment. Furthermore, there are some facts about the possibility of immunosuppression in children whose parents suffer from various immunodeficiency disorders, including ALL. This clinical case demonstrates the importance of correct diagnostics in order to reveal the congenital pathologies of the immune system in children, whose parents suffered from lymphocytic leukemia, even in case of full clinical and laboratory remission for a significant period of time. In the hospital, the thread metric approach was used for sepsis diagnostics. Conducted treatment was ineffective due to the inadequate immune response in the child and lack of the targeted adjusted measures to immunodeficiency disorder. The present case demonstrates the congenital T-cells immunodeficiency in a child who was complicated by the development of acute ulceronecrotic enterocolitis after vaccination. The treatment that was targeted mainly at the agent eradication did not give the desired results due to non-responsiveness of the immune system of the child.

Open access