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  • Author or Editor: W. Parker x
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Abstract  

In this work we shall discuss the preliminary results of employing eleven different radionuclides for elemental X-ray analysis using a new analytical technique. This new technique mixes the radioisotope directly with the sample and this source sample is directly placed on the detector window which is protected by a thin plastic film from contamination. An equal atomic mixture of eight elements (Ti, Mn, Zn, Br, Zr, Ag, Sn and Ag) was prepared and doped separately with the eleven different isotopes (Pm-147, S-35, Ni-63, Na-22, Co-137, Co-57, Cd-109, I-125, Am-241, Zn-65 and Fe-55). The spectrum of each is shown herein with a discussion of the background, signal to noise ratio, corrected peak intensities, etc. Finally, the possible future applications of this technique with some of the isotopes are presented.

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Abstract  

Barium, lanthanum and cerium were determined by excitation using a 100 mCi241Am radioisotope source with the utilization of the K peaks.

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Abstract  

Three different analytical methods for the determination of strontium and yttrium in Venezuelan latterites by radioisotope induced X-ray fluorescence are compared, also with results from conventional wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence. The samples analyzed were from Cerro Impacto, Venezuela. The photon-induced energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence system consisted of a109Cd (7 mCi) source for excitation of the characteristic K X-rays for strontium and yttrium. The detection system employed a high resolution Si(Li) detector and was completely controlled by a PDP-11/05 processor. Of the three analytical methods described, the internal standard-thin film technique was shown to be slightly superior to the conventional standard calibration curve method and the standard additon/dilution procedure. This can be explained by considering the effectiveness of the compensation of the sources of errors by these methods. It should also be noted that in the case of wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence, an about 5–10 times greater sample is needed, which is a limitation compared to energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence in some cases. Finally, typical relative standard deviations of the energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence methods were about 10–15% for the range of about 100–100 ppm of strontium and yttrium; these values are acceptable considering the large degree of heterogeneity in this type of geological material.

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Abstract  

A rapid radioisotope induced energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence procedure for the simultaneous determinations of Cobalt, Nickel and Molybdenum in hydrodesulfurization catalysts is presented. A109Cd (7 mCi) source is used as the excitation system coupled to a high resolution Si(Li) detector. A PDP-11/05 processor is employed as a multichannel analyzer and also to automatically control the complete system by means of a prewritten computer program. The relative standard deviations for the three determinations (CoO, NiO and MoO3) are less than 5% for 300 seconds of fluorescent time for a typical sample. Finally a comparison of results by different methods is given to check the accuracy since no standard reference materials are available for catalytic material.

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