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Abstract  

A neutron spectrum-independent compound nuclear constant, Iko, is proposed for fission interference corrections in reactor NAA by parametric method. Ik0 values for eight major fission interference cases, belonging to three different types, have been determined in six irradiation positions (with th/ e 13,7–134) of three research reactors in our Institute. The general agreement among experimental Ik0 's from different irradiation positions and between experimental and calculated Ik0 values for the same interference case verifies the validity of the method. Calculated Ik0 values for all the possible fission interferences are tabulated. Interferences from238U(n,) and232Th(n,) reactions and reactor fast neutron induced238U(n, f) and232Th(n, f) reactions are discussed.

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Abstract  

Definition of generalized advantage factor and optimization of irradiation condition in ENAA are reiterated.

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Abstract  

A simple two step radiochemical separation scheme has been developed which permits the RNAA determination of As, Cd, Cu and Mo in biological matrices. The RNAA separation is applied following the INAA determination of at least 17 other elements in the same samples. Under our experimental conditions which included a four day decay period for handling and shipping from a remote reactor site, detection limits for As, Cd, Cu and Mo are 0.24, 6.6, 45 and 3.4 ng, respectively, in NBS biological standard reference materials SRM 1571 and 1567. Decontamination factors for the major spectral interferences,82Br,42K,24Na32P and122Sb have been determined and found to be sufficiently high for measurement of the elements of interest in most biological matrices. The overall INNA/RNAA procedure takes full advantage of high resolution Ge(Li) gamma-ray spectroscopy and involves minimal chemical processing.

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Abstract  

Various theoretical and practical aspects of epithermal neutron activation analysis (ENAA) and fast-neutron-induced reaction interferences in conventional instrumental thermal neutron activation analysis (TNAA) have been considered. A new generalized advantage factor which reflects a practical improvement of detection limits in ENAA is proposed. In the determination of practical advantage factors, consideration is also given to the different irradiation channels available for the experiment in a given reactor, or even in several accessible reactors. Fast neutron reaction interference factors are tabulated for both ENAA and TNAA and examples are given of specific interferences in TNAA for some biological and geological matrices.

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Abstract  

The homogeneity of IAEA RM SM-M-2/TM Marine Sediment was tested by INAA. The sampling constants a and b have been determined for 6 elements.

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Abstract  

45 elements have been determined by NAA in an IAEA Lake Sediment RM SL-3 Multitechniques were used to fully tap the potential of NAA in terms of the number of the determinable elements and the accuracy of each data.

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Abstract  

The sorption of uranium(VI) from aqueous solutions was investigated using synthesized magnesium silicate hollow spheres as a novel adsorbent. Batch experiments were conducted to study the effects of initial pH, amount of adsorbent, contact time and initial U(VI) concentrations on uranium sorption efficiency. The desorbing of U(VI) and the effect of coexisting ions were also investigated. Kinetic studies showed that the sorption followed a pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The Langmuir sorption isotherm model correlates well with the uranium sorption equilibrium data for the concentration range of 25–400 mg/L. The maximum uranium sorption capacity onto magnesium silicate hollow spheres was estimated to be about 107 mg/g under the experimental conditions. Desorption of uranium was achieved using inorganic acid as the desorbing agent. The practical utility of magnesium silicate hollow spheres for U(VI) uptake was investigated with high salt concentration of intercrystalline brine. This work suggests that magnesium silicate hollow spheres can be used as a highly efficient adsorbent for removal of uranium from aqueous solutions.

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Abstract  

The compound 3-{[4-(4-[18F]fluorophenyl)methyl]piperazin-1-yl}-methyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine ([18F]3), which is an analogue of L-745,870 binding D4

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: Hai-Qing Zhang, Bang-Fa Ni, Wei-Zhi Tian, Gui-Ying Zhang, Dong-Hui Huang, Cun-Xiong Liu, Cai-Jin Xiao, Peng Nie, and Hong-Chao Sun

Abstract  

An expression of γ-ray efficiency for large samples is proposed based on numerical integration of efficiencies over compositional point sources. The widely used expression on radial variation of HPGe efficiency for point source originally proposed by Noguchi et al. (Int J Appl Radiat Isot 32:17–22, 1980 [<cite>1</cite>]) was amended and a new expression was proposed. A comparison between the two expressions indicates that the newly proposed expression brings about an obvious improvement, and Self-absorption correction for a voluminous source is also given out by using the EID principle. The functional relationship between HPGe efficiency for γ-rays from a point source and the spatial position of the source was established. The results of this study can be applied in order to determine γ attenuation effects of unknown bulky samples with various shapes and materials.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: Hai-Qing Zhang, Bang-Fa Ni, Wei-Zhi Tian, Gui-Ying Zhang, Dong-Hui Huang, Cun-Xiong Liu, Cai-Jin Xiao, Hong-Chao Sun, and Chang-Jun Zhao

Abstract  

Twenty different brands of Chinese tea were analyzed for multiple trace elements, including some essential and toxic elements, by neutron activation analysis (NAA). A comparison among tea brands from China, India, US and other countries was made for the ranges and averages of concentrations for Na, K, Mn, Cu, and Br. It has been observed that the trace element contents in tea leaves are largely dependent upon the soil and the environment where the tea grows. Chinese tea is rich in Mn and Cu comparing with those of other counties surveyed, but is indigent in Na. The transference ratio for each element determined (i.e., the fraction of an element in tea leave transferred into solution when tea is leached by percolation) is also reported. Adult daily intakes of some essential and toxic elements from tea drinking were also estimated.

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