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  • Author or Editor: Weijuan Han x
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Authors: Tao Zuyi, Li Weijuan, Zhang Fuming and Han Jun


The Am(III) adsorption isotherms on natural hematite, on a red earth and on three kinds of treated red earth samples were determined and compared. The treatment was performed to remove iron oxides, organic matter (OM) and both. The batch technique and aqueous Am(III) solutions with molarities less than 3 . 10-9 mol/l were used. A very high adsorbability of Am(III) on hematite was found, and in order to decrease the adsorption percentage, stable Eu3+ as a hold back carrier was added to the aqueous solution. All the isotherms were found to be linear. The strong effects of pH, ionic strength and fulvic acid (FA) on the Am(III) adsorption on natural hematite were demonstrated. A positive contribution of OM and an unexpectedly high negative influence of iron oxides on the Am(III) adsorption by the untreated red earth were found too. The average distribution coefficients of Am(III) adsorption on natural hematite, on red earth and on three kinds of treated red earth samples were determined, respectively, from these linear isotherms. The very high adsorbability of Am(III) on hematite and the very strong negative influence of iron oxides on the Am(III) adsorption on untreated red earth were distinctly demonstrated as well. It appears that the adsorbability of composed natural materials cannot be predicted from the adsorbabilities of each of the mineral components alone, due to possible interactions between the mineral components and the different characteristics of the composite.

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Authors: Gaigai Du, Liyuan Wang, Huawei Li, Peng Sun, Jianmin Fu, Yujing Suo, Weijuan Han, Songfeng Diao, Yini Mai and Fangdong Li

Background and aims

Persimmon (Diospyros kaki) is an economically important fruit tree species with complex flowering characteristics. To obtain accurate expression pattern analysis results, it is vital to select a reliable gene for the normalization of real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction data. The aim of this study was to identify the optimal internal control gene among six candidate genes for gene expression analysis in different persimmon organs and developmental stages.

Materials and methods

This analysis was conducted using geNorm and NormFinder software to show differences in the stability of the six reference genes among tissues and floral developmental stages of the same plant.


Although genes that exhibited moderate expression in NormFinder revealed slightly different expression stabilities than those obtained by geNorm, both sets of results showed that GAPDH was the best reference gene in different organs and floral buds at different developmental stages, whereas 18SrRNA was the least stable gene.


Based on the overall ranking, GAPDH is the most suitable reference gene and is highly recommended for gene expression studies in different organs and different developmental stages of persimmon. This study provides useful reference data for future gene expression studies and will contribute to improving the accuracy of gene expression results in persimmon.

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