Authors:X. Z. Lan, H. R. Pei, X. Yan, and W. B. Liu
Phase behavior of dodecane–tetradecane (n-C12H26–C14H30, n-C12–C14) binary system in bulk and confined in SBA-15 (pore diameters 8 nm; 15.9 nm) has been investigated by differential scanning calorimetry and transmission electron microscopy. The bulk system possesses some special phases relating to the rotator phase in normal alkanes. Dodecane–tetradecane mixtures confined in SBA-15 (8 nm) are a system miscible both in solid and liquid states with a phase diagram of a smooth curve. Dodecane–tetradecane system confined in SBA-15 (15.9 nm) exhibits not only solid–liquid (s–l) in all compositions but solid–solid transition in mole fractions of tetradecane 0.1–0.6, which forms a phase diagram of “loop line” shape. Melting temperatures of n-C12–C14/SBA-15 (8 nm) are lower than those of n-C12–C14/SBA-15 (15.9 nm) in all mole fractions. The evolution of the phase diagram of n-C12–C14 confined in 8 nm, 15.9 nm pore sizes of SBA-15 and in bulk, respectively, shows a dramatic effect of confinement on phase behavior of normal alkane mixtures. The s–l phase boundary lines of n-C12–C14/SBA-15 (8, 15.9 nm) are fitted as being , where D is a polynomial ∑ aixi, i = 1, 2,···, n (A = C14, B = C12).
Authors:Y. Hui-Mei, L. Chang-Wei, Q. Ling-Jun, X. Hua-Qing, X. Tong-Geng, and L. Lan
We studied the removal process of excessive free
carbon in the nano-SiC powder by TG-DTA-MS, XRD and TEM three methods. The
studies showed that the temperature of removing excessive free carbon in the
nano-SiC powder should be about 750°C in air.
Authors:F. Xu, L. Sun, Z. Tan, X. Lan, P. Yu, and T. Zhang
The heat capacities of berberine sulphate [(C20H18NO4)2SO43H2O] were measured from 80 to 390 K by means of an automated adiabatic calorimeter. Smoothed heat capacities, HT-H298.15 and ST-S298.15 were calculated. The loss of crystalline water started at about 339.30.2 K, and its peak temperature was 365.80.6 K. The
peak temperature of decomposition for berberine sulphate was at about 391.40.4 K by DSC curve. TG-DTG analysis of this material
was carried out in temperature range from 310 to 970 K. TG and DSC curves show that there is no melting in the whole heating
Authors:B. Liu, Z. Tan, Z. Nan, P. Liu, L. Sun, F. Xu, and X. Lan
A solid complex of rare-earth compounds with alanine, [ErY(Ala)4(H2O)8](ClO4)6 (Ala=alanine), was synthesized, and a calorimetric study and thermal analysis for it was performed through adiabatic calorimetry
and thermogravimetry. The low-temperature heat capacity of [ErY(Ala)4(H2O)8](ClO4)6 was measured with an automated adiabatic precision calorimeter over the temperature range from 78 to 377 K. A solid-solid
phase transition was found between 99 and 121 K with a peak temperature at 115.78 k. The enthalpy and entropy of the phase
transition was determined to be 1.957 Kj mol-1, 16.90 j mol-1 k-1, respectively. Thermal decomposition of the complex was investigated in the temperature range of 40~550C by use of the thermogravimetric
and differential thermogravimetric (TG/DTG) analysis techniques. The TG/DTG curves showed that the decomposition started from
120 and ended at 430C, completed in three steps. A possible mechanism of the thermal decomposition was elucidated.
Authors:X. Li, S. Lan, Y. Zhang, L. Lu, S. Liu, L. Wang, and S. Rajaram
Abiotic stresses like salinity and abnormally cold environments cause significant yield losses in many crops including wheat. Therefore, concerted efforts are being made by breeders to develop new varieties with salt and cold tolerance to ensure stable yields over varied environments. This study was undertaken to screen six hundred and seventy-seven accessions of international wheat genetic resources to identify lines with high level of tolerance to salinity and cold environments. Based on the results of two years study in different agroecological locations, 51 accessions were classified as salt tolerant and 115 accessions were classified as cold tolerant. Of these, 35 accessions had good agronomic characteristics. Also, there were 39 genotypes with combined tolerance to cold as well as salinity. Thus, there were good lines which can be used directly or as parents for breeding wheat varieties for wide adaptation and high yield. Further analysis of the data showed that early genotypes had good cold tolerance but a poor salt tolerance. It was also observed that small number of both test spikelet and spikelet, short spike length and good seed-plump were positively associated with cold tolerance. Therefore, maturity and spike traits should be taken into considered when selecting wheat lines for wide adaptation breeding.
Authors:X.-Z. Lan, Z.-C. Tan, Q. Shi, and Z.-H. Gao
A novel gelling method was studied to stabilize phase change material Na2HPO4 · 12H2O with amylose grafted sodium acrylate. Gelled Na2HPO4 · 12H2O shows stable heat storage performance prepared at optimized conditions: 2.7mass/mass% sodium acrylate, 0.4 mass/mass% amylose,
0.05–0.09 mass/mass% N, N′-methylenebisacrylamide, 0.05–0.09 mass/mass% K2S2O8 and Na2SO3 (mass ratio 1:1), at 50 °C. Na2HPO4 · 12H2O was dispersed in gel network as tiny crystals less than 0.1 mm. Melting points were in the range 35.4 ± 2 °C. Short-term
thermal cycling proves the effectiveness of the novel method for eliminating phase separation in the gelled salt. Adiabatic
calorimetric measurement of heat capacities shows two phase transitions, which correspond to melting of Na2HPO4 · 12H2O and freezable bond water in gel, respectively. Heat of fusion of pure Na2HPO4 · 12H2O was determined as 260.9 J g−1. Distribution of extra water is: free water:freezable water:nonfreezing water = 0:0.85:0.15.
Authors:P. Yu, Z. Tan, S. Meng, S. Lu, X. Lan, L. Sun, F. Xu, T. Zhang, and S. Hu
Isoproturon [N'-(p-cumenyl)-N,N-dimethylurea] was synthesized, and the low-temperature heat capacities were measured with a small sample precise
automatic adiabatic calorimeter over the temperature range from 78 to 342 K. No thermal anomaly or phase transition was observed
in this temperature range. The melting and thermal decomposition behavior of isoproturon was investigated by thermogravimetric
analysis (TG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The melting point and decomposition temperature of isoproturon
were determined to be 152.4 and 239.0C. The molar melting enthalpy, and entropy of isoproturon, ΔHm and ΔSm, were determined to be 21.33 and 50.13 J K-1 mol-1, respectively. The fundamental thermodynamic functions of isoproturon relative to standard reference temperature, 298.15
K, were derived from the heat capacity data.
Authors:F. Xu, L. Sun, J. Zhang, Y. Qi, L. Yang, H. Ru, C. Wang, X. Meng, X. Lan, Q. Jiao, and F. Huang
Heat capacities of the carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with different sizes have been measured by modulated temperature differential
scanning calorimetry (MDSC) and reported for the first time. The results indicated the values of Cp increased with shortening length of CNTs when the diameters of CNTs were between 60 and 100 nm. However, the values of Cp of CNTs were not affected by their diameter when the lengths of CNTs were 1–2 um, or not affected by the length of CNTs when
their diameters were below 10 nm. The thermal stabilities of the CNTs have been studied by TG-DTG-DSC. The results of TG-DTG
showed that thermal stabilities of CNTs were enhanced with their diameters increase. With lengths increase, the thermal stabilities
of CNTs increased when their diameters were between 60 and 100 nm, but there is a slight decrease when their diameters were
less than 60 nm. The further DSC analyses showed both released heat and Tonset increased with the increase of CNTs diameters, which confirms the consistency of the results from both TG-DTG and DSC on
CNTs thermal stability.