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  • Author or Editor: X.-Z. Lan x
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Abstract  

A novel gelling method was studied to stabilize phase change material Na2HPO4 · 12H2O with amylose grafted sodium acrylate. Gelled Na2HPO4 · 12H2O shows stable heat storage performance prepared at optimized conditions: 2.7mass/mass% sodium acrylate, 0.4 mass/mass% amylose, 0.05–0.09 mass/mass% N, N′-methylenebisacrylamide, 0.05–0.09 mass/mass% K2S2O8 and Na2SO3 (mass ratio 1:1), at 50 °C. Na2HPO4 · 12H2O was dispersed in gel network as tiny crystals less than 0.1 mm. Melting points were in the range 35.4 ± 2 °C. Short-term thermal cycling proves the effectiveness of the novel method for eliminating phase separation in the gelled salt. Adiabatic calorimetric measurement of heat capacities shows two phase transitions, which correspond to melting of Na2HPO4 · 12H2O and freezable bond water in gel, respectively. Heat of fusion of pure Na2HPO4 · 12H2O was determined as 260.9 J g−1. Distribution of extra water is: free water:freezable water:nonfreezing water = 0:0.85:0.15.

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Abstract

Phase behavior of dodecane–tetradecane (n-C12H26–C14H30, n-C12–C14) binary system in bulk and confined in SBA-15 (pore diameters 8 nm; 15.9 nm) has been investigated by differential scanning calorimetry and transmission electron microscopy. The bulk system possesses some special phases relating to the rotator phase in normal alkanes. Dodecane–tetradecane mixtures confined in SBA-15 (8 nm) are a system miscible both in solid and liquid states with a phase diagram of a smooth curve. Dodecane–tetradecane system confined in SBA-15 (15.9 nm) exhibits not only solid–liquid (s–l) in all compositions but solid–solid transition in mole fractions of tetradecane 0.1–0.6, which forms a phase diagram of “loop line” shape. Melting temperatures of n-C12–C14/SBA-15 (8 nm) are lower than those of n-C12–C14/SBA-15 (15.9 nm) in all mole fractions. The evolution of the phase diagram of n-C12–C14 confined in 8 nm, 15.9 nm pore sizes of SBA-15 and in bulk, respectively, shows a dramatic effect of confinement on phase behavior of normal alkane mixtures. The s–l phase boundary lines of n-C12–C14/SBA-15 (8, 15.9 nm) are fitted as being [], where D is a polynomial ∑ a i x i, i = 1, 2,···, n (A = C14, B = C12).

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Abstract  

A solid complex of rare-earth compounds with alanine, [ErY(Ala)4(H2O)8](ClO4)6 (Ala=alanine), was synthesized, and a calorimetric study and thermal analysis for it was performed through adiabatic calorimetry and thermogravimetry. The low-temperature heat capacity of [ErY(Ala)4(H2O)8](ClO4)6 was measured with an automated adiabatic precision calorimeter over the temperature range from 78 to 377 K. A solid-solid phase transition was found between 99 and 121 K with a peak temperature at 115.78 k. The enthalpy and entropy of the phase transition was determined to be 1.957 Kj mol-1, 16.90 j mol-1 k-1, respectively. Thermal decomposition of the complex was investigated in the temperature range of 40~550C by use of the thermogravimetric and differential thermogravimetric (TG/DTG) analysis techniques. The TG/DTG curves showed that the decomposition started from 120 and ended at 430C, completed in three steps. A possible mechanism of the thermal decomposition was elucidated.

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Abstract  

The heat capacities of berberine sulphate [(C20H18NO4)2SO43H2O] were measured from 80 to 390 K by means of an automated adiabatic calorimeter. Smoothed heat capacities, H T-H 298.15 and S T-S 298.15 were calculated. The loss of crystalline water started at about 339.30.2 K, and its peak temperature was 365.80.6 K. The peak temperature of decomposition for berberine sulphate was at about 391.40.4 K by DSC curve. TG-DTG analysis of this material was carried out in temperature range from 310 to 970 K. TG and DSC curves show that there is no melting in the whole heating process.

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Abstract  

Isoproturon [N'-(p-cumenyl)-N,N-dimethylurea] was synthesized, and the low-temperature heat capacities were measured with a small sample precise automatic adiabatic calorimeter over the temperature range from 78 to 342 K. No thermal anomaly or phase transition was observed in this temperature range. The melting and thermal decomposition behavior of isoproturon was investigated by thermogravimetric analysis (TG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The melting point and decomposition temperature of isoproturon were determined to be 152.4 and 239.0C. The molar melting enthalpy, and entropy of isoproturon, ΔH m and ΔS m, were determined to be 21.33 and 50.13 J K-1 mol-1, respectively. The fundamental thermodynamic functions of isoproturon relative to standard reference temperature, 298.15 K, were derived from the heat capacity data.

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