Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 4 of 4 items for

  • Author or Editor: Xiaorong Chen x
Clear All Modify Search

Abstract  

The kinetics of the reductive stripping of plutonium(IV) by dihydroxyurea (DHU) in 30% TBP/kerosene-HNO3 system was studied with a constant interfacial area cell. The stripping rate of plutonium(IV) increases with the increase of the stirring speed of two phases and the interfacial area. The activation energy of this process is 28.4 kJ/mol. Under the given experimental conditions, the mass transfer of Pu is not controlled by redox reaction, but controlled by molecular diffusion from the organic phase to organic film layer and from the aqueous film layer to aqueous phase. The rate equation of reductive stripping (process is controlled by diffusion) was obtained as: r 0 = k′[Pu(IV)]0[DHU]a 0.16[HNO3]a −0.34. The rate constant k′ is (5.0±0.4)·10−2 (mol/L)0.18·min−1 at 18.0°C.

Restricted access
Authors: Chen Zuo, Taihong Yan, Weifang Zheng, Chuanbo Li and Xiaorong Wang

Abstract  

Kinetic studies of stripping of Np(IV) from 30% Tri-Butyl-Phosphate/Odourless Kerosene (TBP/OK) into a nitric acid solution containing acetohydroxamic acid (CH3CONHOH) have been investigated using a Lewis cell. The different parameters affecting the back-extraction rate of Np(IV) such as Np, TBP, nitric acid, nitrate, acetohydroxamic acid(AHA) concentration in addition to temperature, stirring speed and special interfacial area were separately studied and a rate equation was deduced. Results have been compared among themselves and other published works on similar systems. Mechanisms of stripping processes have been proposed.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The kinetics of back-extraction of Pu(IV) from 30% Tri-Butyl-Phosphate/Odourless Kerosene (TBP/OK) into a nitric acid solution containing N,N-dimethylhydroxylamine (DMHAN) have been investigated using a Lewis cell. The different parameters affecting the back-extraction rate of Pu(IV) such as plutonium, nitric acid, DMHAN concentration in addition to temperature, stirring speed were separately studied and a rate equation was deduced. The activation energy of this process is 28.4 kJ/mol.

Restricted access

Abstract

Background and aims

Internet addiction (IA) is common among young students. This study aimed to examine the influence and mechanisms of IA and susceptible personality traits on the impact of suicidal ideation in adolescent students in China.

Methods

This cross-sectional study (09/2012–09/2015) used stratified cluster sampling with “school type” for stratification; 136,266 students from 63 schools completed the questionnaire. Logistic regression analysis was performed to estimate the effect of IA (Young's Internet Addiction Test) and susceptible personality (Barratt impulsiveness scale, Buss & Perry Aggression Questionnaire; and Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-R Short Scale) on suicidal ideation (Scale of Suicidal Ideation).

Results

Suicidal ideation was observed in 20,218 (14.77%) of the students, and IA was detected in 28,836 (21.16%) subjects. Compared with those without IA, students with IA had a higher prevalence of suicidal ideation (P < 0.0001). No planning impulsiveness had a predictive effect on suicidal ideation in the impulsive personality trait, while in the aggressive personality trait, hostility and self-aggression had a predictive effect on suicidal ideation (all P < 0.0001). High psychoticism and neuroticism were impact factors for suicidal ideation, but extroversion was a protective factor (all P < 0.0001).

Discussion

These results highlight the importance of assessing personality traits and reducing IA as a possible means of lessening suicidal ideation. Susceptible personality (such as high psychoticism, high neuroticism, and low extroversion) play a prominent role in influencing the probability of having suicidal behavior among those recently exposed to IA.

Conclusions

IA and susceptible personality traits were significantly correlated with suicidal and self-harm ideation among adolescent students.

Open access