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The common wheat line, YW243, developed in our research group, was tested for the resistances of barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV), powdery mildew (Pm) and stripe rust in field, and was analyzed by molecular markers for convenient trace of the resistant genes in breeding. Genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) analysis and sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) assay further demonstrated that YW243 was a homozygous multiple translocation line of Triticum aestivum, Thinopyrum intermedium and Secale cereale (T7DS·7DL-7XL & 1BL·1RS). The disease resistance test and marker analysis showed that YW243 carried seven resistance genes to the three diseases, including Bdv2 to BYDV on 7DL-7XL, Pm4 to powdery mildew on 2AL, Yr2, Yr9, Sr 31 and Lr26 and a new Yr to stripe rust on 7B, 1BL, 1RS and 2BL. Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) markers Xpsr687 and Xwg380 , sequence tagged site (STS) marker STS 1700 , simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers Xgwmc364 and Xgwm582 , SSR markers Xgwm388 and Xgwm501 can be used as diagnostic tools to track Bdv2, Pm4, Yr2, Yr9 and Yr in YW243 , respectively; and two amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers M54E63 - 700 and M54E64 - 699 can also be used to select Yr in YW243 .

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Acta Physiologica Hungarica
Authors: Jeremy Loenneke, C. Fahs, R. Thiebaud, L. Rossow, T. Abe, Xin Ye, D. Kim, and M. Bemben

The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential mechanisms behind the blood flow restriction (BFR) stimulus in the absence of exercise. Nine participants completed a 10 minute time control and then a BFR protocol. The protocol was five, 5-minute bouts of inflation with 3-minutes of deflation between each bout. The pressure was set relative to each individual’s thigh circumference. Significant increases in muscle thickness were observed for both the vastus lateralis (VL) [6%, p = 0.027] and rectus femoris (RF) [22%, p = 0.001] along with a significant decrease in plasma volume [15%, p = 0.001]. Ratings of discomfort during the BFR protocol peaked at 2.7 (light discomfort). There were no significant changes with whole blood lactate, electromyography (EMG), or heart rate (HR), however, there was a trend for a significant increase in HR during the 5th inflation (p = 0.057). In conclusion, this is the first study to demonstrate that the attenuation of both muscle atrophy and declines in strength previously observed with brief applications of BFR may have been mediated through an acute fluid shift induced increase in muscle size. This is supported by our finding that the changes in muscle thickness are maintained even after the cuffs have been removed.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: Ye Yu-xing, Hu Jin-xin, Huang Zi-lin, Shi Wei-qun, Wu Guang-min, Tang Hong-bin, Zhu Wen-bin, Wang Xiao-rong, Zhao Hu-gen, Dong Yu, Sheng Dong, Luo Fang-xiang, and Zhao Yan-ju

Abstract  

The partitioning of actinides from simulated high level liquid waste (HLLW) originated from the Purex process has been studied using a mixture of dihexyl N,N-diethylcarbamoylmethyl-phosphonate (DHDECMP) and tributylphosphonate (TBP) in kerosene (OK). The distribution ratios of actinides were investigated as a function of a number of parameters such as the concentration of nitric acid, salting-out reagent, Gd(III) in the aqueous phase, extractant in the organic phase, and temperature. The extraction complexes, extraction reaction constant k, and thermodynamic parameters H, G and S were determined. The extraction of actinides from simulated HLLW by DHDECMP-TBP/OK has been carried out using a miniature countercurrent centrifugal contactor. The results show that the removal efficiency of actinides is greater than 99.9%. A conceptual flowsheet for the removal of actinides from HLLW is proposed.

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