Authors:Yi Liu, Ming-Qiao Zhu, Xin-Zhi Chen, Umsa Jameel and Jian-Gang Lu
The oxidation of cyclohexane to cyclohexanone, cyclohexanol, and adipic acid, which are important raw materials in nylon industry, is still being challenged in conventional processes. Microreactors and gold catalysts are both widely researched areas at present, so an effort was made to make use of collaborative properties of both. In this study, stainless steel microcapillary coated with a supported nano-gold catalyst was prepared, characterized, and employed for the oxidation of cyclohexane. Under the temperature of 180 °C, residence time of 4 min, reaction pressure of 3 MPa and molar ratio of oxygen to cyclohexane of 0.3:1, the conversion of cyclohexane was 2.09%, with the selectivity of cyclohexanol, 29.37%; cyclohexanone, 39.89%; cyclohexyl hydroperoxide, 2.46%; and adipic acid, 18.87%. Experiments showed that stainless steel microcapillary coated with a supported nano-gold catalyst in cyclohexane oxidation is a feasible process; the reaction time is very short, and the process operation runs safely.
Authors:Yang Ya-xin, Wu Xin-min, Lin Jun, Liu Qing-chen, Den Ju-zhi, Huang Hong-bo, Jiang Zhong-ying and Hsia Yuan-fu
Soil thermolumicenscence (TL), one of the methods for uranium exploration, is based on the glowing characteristics of the crystal minerals such as quartz in the nature. The paper deals with the experiments at Xiazhuang uranium ore-field, in order to show the availability of the thermoluminescence to explore granite-hosted uranium mineralization. Meanwhile, some constraints for application are discussed.