Interpreting is a highly stressful activity and interpreters are accordingly expected to be stress-resistant. The stress-coping trait of personality hardiness predicts attainments in domains of the military, sport and so on. Adopting a mixed-methods approach, the present study was an attempt to explore whether personality hardiness facilitates interpreting performance in a sample of Chinese postgraduate student interpreters (n = 149) as it does in the aforementioned high-stress contexts. Based on the Hardiness Model, this study positioned interpreting anxiety as a mediator. Analysis of quantitative data suggested that personality hardiness not only correlated to but also predicted interpreting performance. Meanwhile, interpreting anxiety played a mediating effect on the link between personality hardiness and interpreting performance. Follow-up semi-structured interviews provided additional information regarding interviewees' perceptions and behavior during stressful interpreting situations, helping to explain and expand upon the initial quantitative results. Implications of the findings were also discussed.
A new approach for determining the activation energy of amorphous alloys is developed. Setting the second order differential
coefficient of heterogeneous reaction rate equation of non-isothermal heating as zero at extreme points of DSC curve, we obtain
the new correlation taking form:
where γ1,γ2 and γ3 are symbols comprising parameters, and Lambertw(…) is the Lambert W function symbol. Through this function, the activation energy can be calculated with DSC test at single
heating rate without the isoconversion assumption. To evaluate the feasibility of calculating the activation energy with the
new method, the glass transition activation energy of as-cast Pd40Ni40P20 amorphous alloy is measured. The value is 1.6 eV, which agrees well with the result of viscosity measurements. Thus, it is
a good possibility that the new approach can be used to determine the activation energy of amorphous phase.
Canine influenza virus (CIV) is an enveloped virus belonging to the genus Influenza virus A within the family Orthomyxoviridae. Prior to 2004, only sporadic outbreaks of canine influenza had been observed in dog populations around the world. However, in 2004 an H3N8 influenza virus of equine origin caused severe respiratory disease in racing greyhounds in Florida; subsequently, cases of dogs affected with various subtypes of CIV have been reported in many countries. Here, we performed a structured review of CIV, including its emergence, evolution and epizootiology. Although CIV causes a disease of low mortality, the potential public health threat it poses due to close contact between dogs and humans highlights the necessity of promoting surveillance for this virus.
Sediment core samples were collected in the largest urban Lake Donghu (Stations I and II) in China, and the activities of
210Pb, 226Ra and 137Cs were measured by gamma-ray spectrometry. The sedimentation rates, calculated by 210Pb constant rate of supply (CRS) model, ranged from 0.11 to 0.65 (average 0.39) cm. y-1at Station I, and from 0.21 to 0.78 (average 0.46) cm. y-1at Station II. Sedimentation rate calculated by 137Cs as a time marker was 0.55 cm. y-1at Station II. Based on the average sedimentation rate, we obtained 769 and 147 t. y-1for nitrogen and phosphorus retentions in Lake Donghu sediments, respectively.
We have described Magnetic Microparticle Antibodies and Their Application to RIAs in a recently published paper1. In this article operative parameters for the preparation of a magnetic second antibody (MSA-II) including results of purification of donky anti-rabbit (DxR) serum by an (NH4)2SO4 precipitation method, rates of recovery of products in preparation of magnetic nucleus (MN, Fe3O4 microparticle), in distillation of acrolein (AL) and in preparation of polyacrolein magnetic particle (PAMP), change in pH value of suspension irradiated before and after60Co -irradiation and volume of wet sediment in separation of magnetic particles by a magnetic separator, etc., as well as correlation of levels of quality control (QC) sera obtained with liquid-phase double antibody assay (LDA) and MSA-II assay during four years were supplementarily summarized. These operative parameters would be helpful to mastering the procedures for preparation and/or use of the magnetic particles. The better correlation of levels of QC sera for both the assays showed the reliability of the magnetic antibody.
Gd@C82(OH)40 has been developed as a new generation of MRI contrast agent. But recently, it was found that Gd@C82(OH)x with a larger number of OH (x>36) would lead to cage break and hence, release of highly toxic Gd ions. We synthesized the more stable Gd@C82(OH)x with less OH-number, Gd@C82(OH)16, and studied its proton relaxivity and MRI images. The results indicate that Gd@C82(OH)16 also gives high proton relaxivity, even higher than that of (NMG)2-Gd-DTPA. The bio-distribution indicated that Gd@C82(OH)16 tends to be entrapped in the liver and kidney and remained in tissue for about 2 hours. The results suggest that the more
stable metallofullerene derivative Gd@C82(OH)16 can be the potential candidate of the new MRI contrast agent.
The academic level and scientific reputation is the most important merit of a research university. Publication of the scientific achievement in the world leading scientific journals is the key to asses a university's overall performance. Peking University is a leading university among the Chinese research universities, and the number of papers published in Science Citation Index (SCI) indexed journals has been on the top of the national list. In this paper, based on our long-term experience and practice in scientific management, we use scientometrics and informetrics method to analyze the academic performance of the researchers, departments and schools of Peking University, mainly using the citations of publications. Highly cited papers are specially important to the reputation of our university. We compare those data with some selected world well-known universities, hence, some important information can be deduced for the policy decision of the university. The results presented here is not only an academic survey, but also a guideline for the future strategic development of Peking University.
A systematic investigation has been carried out on the extractive behavior of N,N'-dihexanoylpiperazine (DHPEZ) with respect to U(VI) in five diluents, from aqueous nitric acid media. The variation of U(VI) distribution ratio with the concentrations of aqueous nitric acid, extractant, salting-out agent and with temperature has been investigated and discussed. The increasing order of extractive ability of DHPEZ towards U(VI) is: chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, 1,4-dimethyl-benzene, toluene, benzene. The composition of the extracted species and extraction constants as well as the enthalpy changes are given.
The enthalpies of solution of potassium chloride (KCl) in water and magnetically treated water (magnetized water) have been
measured at 298.15 K using a LKB-8700 precision solution calorimeter. From the experimental results, it was observed that
the effect of magnetic field on the enthalpy of solution is measurable. This is probably due to the distortion of the hydrogen
bond of water resulting from magnetic treatment.