A bibliometric analysis was performed on a set of 1718 documents relating to Web 2.0 to explore the dimensions and characteristics
of this emerging field. It has been found that Web 2.0 has its root deep in social networks with medicine and sociology as
the major contributing disciplines to the scholarly publications beyond its technology backbone — information and computer
science. Terms germane to Web 2.0, extracted from the data collected in this study, were also visualized to reflect the very
nature of this rising star on the Internet. Web 2.0, according to the current research, is of the user, by the user, and more
importantly, for the user.
Authors:Linli Xu, Kai Xu, Dehong Chen, Qiukai Zheng, Feiyue Liu, and Mingcai Chen
The effects of non-isothermal and isothermal crystallization on the formation of α- and β-phase in isotactic polypropylene
(iPP) with different content of β-nucleating agent are investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). On non-isothermal
crystallization, the content of β-phase and regularity of its crystals are depended on both cooling rate and the content of
β-nucleating agent. The faster cooling rate is, the lower of melting peak temperature (Tmp) and crystallization peak temperature (Tcp) of α- and β-phase are. The enthalpy of fusion (∆H) of β-phase increases with cooling rate in a certain range for the sample
with 0.1 wt% β-nucleating agent (G1) and decreases for that with 0.3 wt% β-nucleating agent (G3). On isothermal crystallization, the enthalpy of fusion of β-phase in G1 is higher than in G3 which is related to the efficiency of nucleation in different concentration of nucleating center in two samples.
The thermal behaviors of [1,1,1-trifluro-3-(2-thenoyl)-acetonato]copper(II) Cu(TTA)2 and its adducts with pyridine Cu(TTA)2(Py)2, 2,2'-bipyridine Cu(TTA)2(Bpy), quinoline Cu(TTA)2(Ql)2, and dimethyl sulfoxide Cu(TTA)2(DMS) in a nitrogen atmosphere were studied under the non-isothermal conditions by simultaneous TG-DTG-DSC technique. The
results showed that the evolution of the solvent molecules generally proceeded before the release of TTA in different ways
according to their structures. The Cu(TTA)2(Bpy) exhibited a unique decomposition pattern due to its distinctive structure. The dependences of activation energy on extent
of reaction for all the stage of each compound were determined by using an isoconversional method, Flynn-Wall-Ozawa equation,
which show E values varied with reaction progress, indicating the complexity of these decomposition reactions. In addition,
the values of activation energy E for TTA molecules evolution are generally higher than that for the solvent molecules release.
Authors:Changlun Chen, Di Xu, Xiaoli Tan, and Xiangke Wang
The fate and transport of toxic metal ions and radionuclides in the environment is generally controlled by sorption reactions.
The extent of sorption of divalent metal cations is controlled by a number of factors including cosorbing or complexing. In
this work, the effects of pH, humic acid HA/Co(II) addition orders, ionic strength, concentration of HA, and foreign cations
on the Co(II) sorption on γ-Al2O3 in the presence of HA were investigated. The sorption isotherms of Co(II) on γ-Al2O3 in the absence and presence HA were also studied and described by using S-type sorption model. The experimental results showed
that the Co(II) sorption is strongly dependent on the pH values, concentration of HA, but independent of HA/Co(II) addition
orders, ionic strength, and foreign cations in the presence of HA under our experimental conditions. The results also indicated
that HA enhanced the Co(II) sorption at low pH, but reduced the Co(II) sorption at high pH. It was hypothesized that the significantly
positive influence of HA at low pH on the Co(II) sorption on γ-Al2O3 was attributed to strong surface binding of HA on γ-Al2O3 and subsequently the formation of ternary surface complexes such as ≡S-OOC-R-(COO−)xCo2−x. Chemi-complexation may be the main mechanism of the Co(II) sorption on γ-Al2O3 in the presence of HA.
The effects of bentonite density and fulvic acid on the sorption and diffusion of 90Sr2+in compacted bentonite were investigated by using a capillary method. The experiments were carried out at pH 7.0±0.1 in the
presence of 0.01M NaClO4. The results suggest that the sorption and diffusion of 90Sr2+in compacted bentonite decreases with increasing the density of compacted bentonite. The presence of FA enhances the sorption
of Sr2+, but reduces the diffusion of Sr2+in compacted bentonite. The porosity of the compacted bentonite plays an important role in the sorption and diffusion behavior
of 90Sr2+. Using the calculated effective diffusion coefficients the long-term relative concentration distribution of strontium was
evaluated in compacted bentonite.
MX-80 bentonite is considered as one of the best backfill materials for high-level radioactive nuclear waste. Herein, the
bentonite is characterized by using XRD and FTIR techniques. Sorption of radionickel to MX-80 bentonite in the presence/absence
of humic acid (HA) or fulvic acid (FA) as a function of pH is investigated. The results indicate that the presence of HA or
FA decreases the sorption of Ni2+ obviously. The different experimental processes do not affect the sorption of nickel to FA/HA bound bentonite. The sorption
of Ni2+ on FA/HA-bound bentonite decreases with the increasing FA/HA content in the systems. The mechanism of nickel sorption is
also discussed in detail.
Neuroscience is one of the most active research fields in many countries including China, an economically and scientifically
emerging country, where a rapid development has been occurred since the 1970s. In this study, a MEDLINE-based bibliometric
analysis of Chinese international output in neuroscience was conducted for the period from 1984 through 2001. An attempt was
made to identify the pattern of the growth and to obtain some quantitative indicators over the literature studied in order
to review at the developing steps of neuroscience in China during the period.
In our invention, FCC (fluid catalytic cracking) dry gas could be used to react with benzene without any special purification, and more than 90% ethylene was converted to ethylbenzene. The phenomenon of carbon deposition over catalyst surface was obvious and leads to a deactivation of catalyst, so it is important to study the behavior of carbon deposition of catalyst during alkylation of benzene. The influence of several factors such as temperature, reaction time, reactant concentration of the amount and the kinetics of carbon deposition were investigated, during which carbon depositing rate equations were obtained for different reactant.
Authors:W. Huang, Y. Xu, X. Chen, X. Gao, and Y. Fu
The radiation effect of γ-ray on polyether-urethane foam was studied. The gas products from irradiated samples were analyzed
quantitatively and qualitatively by gas chromatography, the thermal property and radical intensity were determined by differential
thermal gravimetry and electron spin resonance. The dynamic mechanical property, compression and tensile properties were analyzed.
Positron annihilation lifetime of irradiated samples was also measured at room temperature in vacuum. The results show that
the general mechanical properties of ETPU sample irradiated by γ-rays at a dose of 8.0·105 Gy is excellent, but there are considerable gas products and a great deal of radicals created, which indicates that the sample
has been damaged by radiation. Relatively, the thermal stability of the sample remained fine.