The surface reactions of uranium metal with carbon monoxide at 25 and 200 °C have been studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS); respectively. Adsorption of carbon monoxide on the surface layer of uranium metal leads to partial reduction of surface oxide and results in U4f photoelectron peak shifting to the lower binding energy. The content of oxygen in the surface oxide is decreased and O1s/O4f ratio decreases with increasing the exposure of carbon monoxide. The investigation indicates the surface layer of uranium metal has resistance to further oxidation in the atmosphere of carbon monoxide.
A scaled-up SRCCC apparatus equipped with a 40-L column was constructed on the basis of separations of crude broccoli seed extract and crude radish seed extract using a conventional SRCCC instrument. Scaled-up separation of 500 g of crude broccoli seed extract with n-butanol-acetonitrile-10% (NH4)2SO4 aqueous solution 1:0.5:2 (υ/υ) as solvent system yielded 61.5 g glucoraphanin product of purity 91.2%. Separation of 500 g crude radish seed extract with the same solvents in the ratio 0.5:1:2 (υ/υ) afforded 26.7 g glucoraphenin product of purity 94.5%. Recovery of glucoraphanin and glucoraphenin from the crude extracts was 98.3 and 98.9%, respectively. The results demonstrated that this SRCCC technology is useful for separation of glucosinolates from plant extracts.
The surface structure of triuranium octaoxide (U3O8) and the effect of CO on surface behaviour have been studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). An intensity analysis of the composite U4f photoelectron spectrum of U3O8 shows that this compound should be written as U2VIUIVOg. After exposure to 7.2·106 L CO (1 L=1.33·10–4 Pa·s), the oxygen content in the surface is decreased and the O1s/U4f ratio decreases about 10%. The investigation indicated that the surface layer of triuranium octaoxide was partially reduced in the atmosphere of carbon monoxide.
The thermogenic curves of metabolism of the four strains of Escherichia coli pUC19cab/JM109, pUC19cab/XL-IBlue, JM109 and XL-IBlue were determined using the LKB-2277 BioActivity Monitor and the ampoule
method at 37�C. The pUC19cab/JM109 and pUC19cab/XL-IBlue are recombinant E. coli strains bearing the same foreign plasmid pUC19cab, which confers the ability to produce polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs). The
yield of PHAs of pUC19cab/XL-IBlue was higher than that of pUC19cab/JM109. XL-IBlue and JM109 were the host bacteria. The
heat flow of these strains was XL-Blue≈JM109>pUC19cab/JM109>pUC19cab/XL-IBlue. These results indicate an obvious interrelation
between the PHAs production and the heat flow rate of E. coli strains.
Authors:W. Huang, Y. Xu, X. Chen, X. Gao, and Y. Fu
The radiation effect of γ-ray on polyether-urethane foam was studied. The gas products from irradiated samples were analyzed
quantitatively and qualitatively by gas chromatography, the thermal property and radical intensity were determined by differential
thermal gravimetry and electron spin resonance. The dynamic mechanical property, compression and tensile properties were analyzed.
Positron annihilation lifetime of irradiated samples was also measured at room temperature in vacuum. The results show that
the general mechanical properties of ETPU sample irradiated by γ-rays at a dose of 8.0·105 Gy is excellent, but there are considerable gas products and a great deal of radicals created, which indicates that the sample
has been damaged by radiation. Relatively, the thermal stability of the sample remained fine.
Authors:C. Zhang, Y. Zhao, S. Feng, C. Qi, Z. Fu, F. Guo, and R. Wang
To increase the tumor uptake of Val-Gly-Gly (VGG), adenine was introduced into the peptide. N-mercaptoacetyl-VGG-adenine (MAVGG-adenine)
and MAVGG were labeled with 99mTc using a solution of SnCl2 and tartaric acid as reducing agent. Biodistribution in mice bearing the S180 tumor was measured and γ imaging was performed.
Compared with MAVGG, adenine conjugated MAVGG had higher tumor uptake and tumor to normal tissue ratios, which suggested that
the tumor uptake property of a peptide may be improved by introducing a nucleotide base. The high contrasted tumor images
of 99mTc-MAVGG-adenine also suggested its potential utility as tumor imaging agent.
Authors:Y. Zhao, C. Zhang, C. Qi, S. Feng, G. You, Z. Fu, F. Guo, and R. Wang
Two peptide ligands conjugated adenine, [9-N-(tritylmercapto acetyl diglycyl aminoethyl) adenine, Tr-MAG2-Ade] and [9-N-(tritylmercapto acetyl triglycyl aminoethyl) adenine, Tr-MAG3-Ade], are synthesized and labeled with 99mTc by directly labeling method. The stability of 99mTc-MAG2-adenine and 99mTc-MAG3-adenine in vitro is measured. The uptake radios of tumor to muscle at 3h post-injection are 5.70 and 4.92, respectively.
The biodistribution and scintigraphic imaging studies show that the two complexes have high localization in tumor and high
contrasted tumor images can be obtained, which suggest their potential utility as tumor imaging agents. But the high radioactivity
of abdomen could prevent the tumor imaging in this area.
Authors:Y. Zhang, K. Ma, M. Anand, W. Ye, and B. Fu
Alpha, beta, and gamma diversity are three fundamental biodiversity components in ecology, but most studies focus only on the scale issues of the alpha or gamma diversity component. The beta diversity component, which incorporates both alpha and gamma diversity components, is ideal for studying scale issues of diversity. We explore the scale dependency of beta diversity and scale relationship, both theoretically as well as by application to actual data sets. Our results showed that a power law exists for beta diversity-area (spatial grain or spatial extent) relationships, and that the parameters of the power law are dependent on the grain and extent for which the data are defined. Coarse grain size generates a steeper slope (scaling exponent z) with lower values of intercept (c), while a larger extent results in a reverse trend in both parameters. We also found that, for a given grain (with varying extent) or a given extent (with varying grain) the two parameters are themselves related by power laws. These findings are important because they are the first to simultaneously relate the various components of scale and diversity in a unified manner.
Authors:L. Fu, Y. Chen, H. Du, J. Mao, X. Shi, and S. Li
A novel double -diketone 1,6-bis(1-phenyl-3-methyl-5-oxo-pyrazol-4-yl) hexanedione-[1,6] (BPMOPH) was further studied on its coordination compounds with uranium and thorium, respectively. The IR, UV, and1H-NMR spectra were examined, and the proposed structure is discussed.
Authors:Sh. Luo, M. Pu, J. Quao, Zh. Liu, Ch. Zhang, P. Zhao, Y. Fu, and H. Deng
Samarium-153-EDTMP (ethylene diamine tetramethylene phosphonate), for its promising biological properties, has been proved as a palliating therapeutic agent for boné cancer in human beings. In this article, we present the results on synthesis and structure analysis of Samarium-153-EDTMP. In a basic medium,153Sm-EDTMP can be readily prepared with a complexing yield not less than 98%, and it is confirmed that the ratio of the ligand to Sm is 11, and the charge of153Sm-EDTMP is negative two.