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Solid-plastic transitions kinetics by DSC

Application to alcohols derived from neopentane

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
F. Wilmet
,
N. Sbirrazzuoli
,
Y. Girault
, and
L. Elegant

The kinetic parameters of solid-plastic transitions on alcohols derived from neopentane were determined using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) by a single or multiple scan analysis. The methods studied (Borchard-Daniels, Ellerstein, Multilinear law, Freeman-Carroll, Ozawa, Kissinger), never used before for that kind of transition, imply a single Arrhenius behaviour. These methods werre applied to 2,2-dimethyl 1-propanol (DP), 2,2-dimethyl 1,3-propanediol or neopentylglycol (NPG), 2-hydroxymethyl 2-methyl 1,3-propanediol or pentaglycerine (PG), and 2,2-dihydroxymethyl 1,3-propanediol or pentaerythritol (PE). A simple isothermal test is recommended to check the validity of activation energies experimentally obtained and Arrhenius frequency factors. Taking some restrictions on the heating rate for the heat evolution methods, the results are in agreement with the data obtained by isothermal tests. We have noted a linear dependence of the activation energy values on the number of hydroxyl groups with the exception of pentaerythritol. Isothermal simulations of the solid-plastic transition are an example of industrial applications.

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