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Abstract  

Samples of two older geochemical reference rocks GSJ JG-1 (granodiorite) and JB-1 (basalt) and three new ones GSJ JA-1 (andesite), JR-1 (rhyolite) and JB-2 (basalt) were subjected to determination of lanthanoid elements by radiochemical neutron activation analysis. The contents of 9 lanthanoid elements could be re-determined for the older reference rocks and those of 11 elements were determined for the new rocks. The results were compared with the previously published data.

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Abstract  

Samples of an andesite (Asama-yama, Japan) and a basalt (Kilauea, Hawaii) were finely fractioned by density and the U distributions among the separates were determined by homogenized fission track method. Groundmass was found to be enriched with U; one half of the andesite U and almost all of the basalt U are accounted for by the groundmass U. Cerium and other REE are correlated with U. In the andesite separates Na is accompanied by these elements, but Fe and Co are rather anticorrelated. Uranium concentrations in the bulk samples and some of the separates were then compared with those determined by133Xe extracted by heating at 1600°C. Fissiogenic133Xe seems to become labile in groundmass, especially of the andesite, during reactor irradiations for 5 h or more. Stepwise heating experiments suggested that133Xe in U-rich groundmass tends to escape at low temperatures and the remaining133Xe is mostly retained in highly refractory sites in phenocryst rather poor in U.

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Abstract  

Terrestrial zircon and apatite, as examples of uranium rich refractory minerals, and chromite, also highly refractory but uranium poor, were neutron-irradiated for their133Xe release studies. Uranium determination by133Xe was found not to be successful in these refractory samples, due to incomplete fissiogenic-xenon release at 1600°C as revealed by stepwise heating experiment. The high temperature release peaks appeared at ≾1500°C in these terrestrial minerals studied, but at 1000∼1200°C in reported meteoritic whitlockite and chromite.

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Abstract  

We determined 137Cs concentrations in deep water samples of the subtropical gyre in the South Pacific collected during the BEAGLE2003 cruise. This was done at an underground facility to achieve extremely low background γ-spectrometry, and we, therefore, obtained reliable values of 137Cs activity in the deeper layers. 137Cs activity in the layers between 2000 and 4500 m ranged from 7 ± 4 mBq m−3 to 25 ± 11 mBq m−3. The inventory of 137Cs in the water column from 2000 m to the sea bottom was estimated to be 20 ± 8 Bq m−2 to 94 ± 41 Bq m−2 in this region.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: Y. Nagame, I. Nishinaka, Y. Zhao, K. Tsukada, S. Ichikawa, Z. Qin, H. Ikezoe, Y. Oura, K. Sueki, H. Nakahara, M. Tanikawa, T. Ohtsuki, S. Goto, H. Kudo, Y. Hamajima, K. Takamiya, K. Nakanishi, and H. Baba

Abstract  

The correlation among the fission threshold energy, the scission configuration and the mass yield distribution has been studied in proton-induced fission of light actinides. It was found that there exist at least two fission paths from the threshold region to the scission. The elongated scission configuration is related with the fission process that goes over a higher threshold energy and results in a symmetric mass division mode, while the compact scission configuration with the process that experiences a lower threshold and ends up with an asymmetric mass division mode.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: A. Shinohara, T. Muroyama, T. Miura, A. Yokoyama, K. Takamiya, T. Kaneko, T. Saito, J. Sanada, H. Araki, S. Kojima, Y. Hamajima, H. Muramatsu, H. Baba, and M. Furukawa

Abstract  

Pionic X-rays and π0 decays were measured for gas mixtures of H2/D2/CH4+SF6/Ar and the individual pure gases. Chemical effects on the pion transfer process from pionic hydrogen to other atoms were revealed by the pionic X-ray spectrum. The changes of the intensity patterns of pionic X-rays were compared with the predictions by a cascade calculation taking the transfer process into account. The mechanism of pion transfer process was discussed based on the results for gas phase and the previous ones for liquid phase.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: T. Muroyama, A. Shinohara, T. Saito, A. Yokoyama, K. Takamiya, S. Morimoto, K. Nakanishi, H. Baba, T. Miura, Y. Hamajima, T. Kaneko, H. Muramatsu, S. Kojima, and M. Furukawa

Abstract  

Annihilation γ-rays of π0 and pionic X-rays were measured in the gas mixtures of H2+Z and CH4+Z systems (Z=He, Ne, Ar and Kr). Pion capture probability of hydrogen atom was obtained from the annihilation γ-ray counts and the capture probability of Z atom was obtained from the pionic X-ray intensities. Transfer rates were determined from the data based on a combined large mesomolecular model. The transfer rates obtained were smaller than the systematics of the Russian group. Difference in the transfer rate between the gas and the liquid phases was found by a comparison of the present results with our previous ones.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: K. Ninomiya, H. Sugiura, T. Nakatsuka, Y. Kasamatsu, H. Kikunaga, W. Sato, T. Yoshimura, H. Matsumura, K. Takamiya, M. Kubo, K. Sueki, A. Yokoyama, Y. Hamajima, T. Miura, K. Nishiyama, and A. Shinohara

Abstract  

The electronic X-ray energies of muonic atoms were precisely measured. The atomic number (Z) dependence of the energy difference between electronic X-rays of muonic atoms and Z-1 atoms (energy shift) was systematically investigated. The energy shifts in the low-Z region were compared with those of the high-Z region that had been obtained experimentally and theoretically in previous work. An obvious difference between these two regions was found in the atomic-number dependence of the energy shift. We also compared the energy shifts of muonic atoms with those of pionic atoms.

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