X-ray, magnetic and differential thermal analysis and thermogravimetric (DTA-TG) measurements of Fe2O3 nanoparticles surrounded by amorphous SiO2were carried out. The mass loss above 370 K could be attributed to the dehydration. The broadened exothermic peak around 900
K was observed by the DTA analysis. Considering the results of the X-ray and magnetic analyses, this anomaly was interpreted
as due to the g- to a-transition in the present Fe2O3nanoparticle system. The broadness of the peak and thus the gradual progress of the transformation would be attributed to
the stress caused by the amorphous SiO2 network surrounding extremely small particles.
Authors:Y. Ichiyanagi, T. Uehashi, S. Yamada, Y. Kanazawa, and T. Yamada
Summary Ni1-xZnxFe2O4 (0≤x≤1) mixed ferrite nanoparticles encapsulated with amorphous-SiO2 were prepared by a wet chemical method. Particle sizes were controlled to range from 2.6 to 33.7 nm by heat treatment, and the particle size dependence of saturation magnetization Ms was investigated for the x=0.5 region. The Ms value decreased abruptly for particle sizes below about 6 nm. From the temperature dependence of the magnetization under field-cooled and zero-field-cooled conditions, blocking temperatures Tb were observed to be between 28 and 245 K depending on the particle size. At the blocking temperature, the superparamagnetic spins in the particle are supposed to be blocked against the thermal fluctuation energy. A smaller particle volume causes a lower blocking temperature; so an extremely small particle would be strongly affected by thermal fluctuation.
Authors:M. Kubota, Y. Kanazawa, K. Nasu, S. Moritake, H. Kawaji, T. Atake, and Y. Ichiyanagi
MgFe2O4 (Mg-ferrite) nanoparticles encapsulated in amorphous SiO2 were prepared by the wet chemical method. The particle sizes were estimated, based on the X-ray diffraction peaks, to be
between 3 and 8 nm, depending on the annealing temperature. The particle size increased as the annealing temperature increased.
From the magnetization measurements, the blocking temperature, Tb, was found to be between 30 and 60 K. The magnetization values varied with the annealing or quenching conditions. To clarify
the process of crystal growth, thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA) measurements were performed and
the results were compared with the X-ray diffraction patterns.