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Abstract  

New solid complex of nitrilotriacetic acid and bismuth trichloride was synthesized by a solid phase reaction of nitrilotriacetic acid and bismuth trichloride at room temperature. The composition of the sample is BiCl3[N(CH2COOH)3]2.5. The crystal structure of the complex belongs to triclinic system with the lattice parameters: α=0.7849 nm, β=0.9821 nm, χ=2.0021 nm, α=96.50, β=98.76 and γ=90.49. The far-infrared spectra show the bonding between the Bi ion and N atom of nitrilotriacetic acid. The thermal analysis also demonstrates the complex formation between the bismuth ion and nitrilotriacetic acid. The gaseous pyrolysis product and the final residue in the thermal decomposition process are determined to check the thermal decomposition reaction.

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Alanine- and taurine-salicylal Schiff base complexes of magnesium

Synthesis, characterization and thermal decomposition

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: S. Luan, Y. Zhu, and Y. Jia

Abstract  

The complexes of α-alanine-salicylal Schiff base of magnesium (α-ASSM), β-alanine-salicylal Schiff base of magnesium (β-ASSM) and taurine-salicylal Schiff base of magnesium (TSSM) were synthesized. The formulae of the complexes are Mg[OC6H4CHNCH(CH3)COO]·2H2O, Mg[OC6H4CHNCH2CH2COO]·2H2O and Mg[OC6H4CHNCH2CH2SO3]·2H2O. The crystal structure belongs to orthorhombic system with the lattice parameters: a=1.6954 nm, b=2.0873 nm and c=2.3037 nm for the β-ASSM, to orthorhombic system with the lattice parameters: a=1.5586 nm, b=1.8510 nm and c=2.6240 nm for the β-ASSM, to monoclinic system with the lattice parameters: a=1.3232 nm, b=1.4960 nm, c=2.1543 nm and β=98.04° for the TSSM, respectively. The results of the thermal decomposition processes and infrared spectra of the complexes show that the complexes may possess different coordination structures.

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Summary

Yanghuo Sanqi tablet (YST), combined prescription mainly derived from the leaves of herba epimedii and the roots of Panax notoginseng, is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Flavonoids (icarrin, epimedin A, epimedin B, epimedin C, and baohuoside I) and saponins (notoginsenoside R1, ginsenoside Rgl, and ginsenoside Rbl) are considered as the main bioactive compounds of YST. However, there is no report on quality control of TCMs by simultaneous determination of above-mentioned flavonoids and saponins so far. In this work, for the first time, a high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detector-evaporative light-scattering detector (HPLC-DAD-ELSD) method was developed to evaluate the quality of YST through a simultaneous determination of five major active flavonoids and three main saponins. Optimum separations were obtained with a Zorbax SB-C18 column by gradient elution with acetonitrile-water as the mobile phase. The drift tube temperature of ELSD was set at 105 °C, and the nebulizing gas flow rate was 2.5 L min−1. The fully validated method was successfully applied to quantify the eight bioactive components in three lot products. This simple, low-cost, and reliable HPLC-DAD-ELSD method provided a new basis for assessing the quality of traditional Chinese medicinal compound preparations (TCMCPs) consisting of many bioactive components.

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Summary

Yanghuo Sanqi tablet (YST), combined prescription mainly derived from the leaves of Herba epimedii and the roots of Panax notoginseng, is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Flavonoids (icarrin, epimedin A, epimedin B, epimedin C, and baohuoside I) and saponins (notoginsenoside R1, ginsenoside Rgl, and ginsenoside Rbl) are considered as the main bioactive compounds of YST. However, there is no report on quality control of TCMs by simultaneous determination of above-mentioned flavonoids and saponins so far. In this work, for the first time, a high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detector-evaporative light scattering detector (HPLC-DAD-ELSD) method was developed to evaluate the quality of YST through a simultaneous determination of five major active flavonoids and three main saponins. Optimum separations were obtained with a Zorbax SB-C18 column by gradient elution with acetonitrile-water as the mobile phase. The drift tube temperature of ELSD was set at 105 °C, and the nebulizing gas flow rate was 2.5 L min−1. The fully validated method was successfully applied to quantify the eight bioactive components in three lot products. This simple, low-cost, and reliable HPLC-DAD-ELSD method provided a new basis for assessing the quality of traditional Chinese medicinal compound preparations (TCMCPs) consisting of many bioactive components.

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ERECTA is an ancient family of leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinases (RLKs) that coordinate growth and development of plant. TaERECTA, one copy of the ERECTA homologs in wheat, was isolated from bread wheat Chinese Spring. The Ser/Thr kinase of TaERECTA was expressed in E. coli after IPTG induction and confirmed by immunoblot. TaERECTA showed higher expression in younger organs with rapid development, as well as great expression in younger spikes at booting stage. Under exogenous application of gibberellin (GA3) and abscisic acid (ABA), and Mg2+ stress, the expression of TaERECTA was largely suppressed, whereas under exogenous application of indole acetic acid (IAA) and brassinolide (BR), and dehydration stress, its expression was initially suppressed and then up-regulated. Natural variation was apparent in the relative expression of TaERECTA among 9 different bread wheat lines, and its expression level was negatively correlated with the stomatal density. These results suggested that TaERECTA could be exploitable for manipulating agronomical traits important through regulating stomata density, with potential implication for bread wheat improvement.

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Abstract  

New hexamethylenetetramine complexes of antimony and bismuth trichloride were synthesized through a solid phase reaction of hexamethylenetetramine and antimony or bismuth trichloride. The formula of the complex is MCl3(C6H12N4)2⋅H2O (M=Sb, Bi).The crystal structure of the complexes belongs to monoclinic system and the lattice parameters: a=1.249 nm, b=1.4583 nm, c=1.6780 nm andβ=91.78 for SbCl3(C6H12N4)2⋅H2O and a=1.3250 nm, b=1.3889 nm, c=1.7449 nm and β=98.94 for BiCl3(C6H12N4)2⋅H2O. Far-infrared spectra reveal that the antimony or bismuth ion is coordinated by the nitrogen atom of the hexamethylenetetramine. The thermal analysis also demonstrates the complex formation between the antimony or bismuth ion and hexamethylenetetramine. The intermediate and final residues in the thermal decomposition process have been analyzed to check the pyrolysis reaction.

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Abstract  

The thiourea complexes of antimony and bismuth triiodide were synthesized by a direct reaction of antimony and bismuth triiodide with thiourea powder at room temperature. The formula of the complex is MI3[SC(NH2)2]3(M=Sb, Bi). The crystal structure of the complexes belongs to monoclinic system and the lattice parameters are a=1.4772 nm, b=1.6582 nm, c=2.0674 nm and β=90.81 for SbI3(SC(NH2)2)3 and a=1.4009 nm, b=2.0170 nm, c=2.0397 nm and β=90.84 for BiI3[SC(NH2)2]3. The infrared spectra reveal that the trivalent antimony or bismuth ion is coordinated by the nitrogen atom, not the sulfur atom of the thiourea. Thermal analysis shows that there are two times structure rearrangements or phase transformation in the complexes from 100 to 170C.

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Abstract  

New complexes of the non-natural amino acid (p-iodo-phenylalanine) with divalent cobalt and nickel ions have been synthesized. The composition of the complexes is [M(IC6H4CH2CHNH2COO)2]2.5H2O (M=Co, Ni) and the crystal structure belongs to orthorhombic system. Infrared spectra indicate the nature of bonding in the complex. The first stage in the thermal decomposition process of the complex shows the presence of crystal water. The thermal decomposition process of cobalt complex differs from that of nickel. The intermediate and final residues in the thermal decomposition process have been analyzed to check the pyrolysis reactions. Thermal analysis indicates that the iodine atom of the ligand may coordinate to the metal ion in the lattice.

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