Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 8 of 8 items for

  • Author or Editor: Y. Takaku x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All Modify Search

Abstract  

The behavior of uranium under various redox conditions was investigated in the brackish Obuchi lake surrounded by an uranium enrichment plant and facilities currently under construction for reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel in Rokkasho Village in northern Japan. Our investigation showed that uranium in water under oxic conditions can be explained by the simple mixing of freshwater and seawater, and the source of uranium in the lake is mainly seawater. The ratios of 238U/salinity under oxic conditions were approximately 0.09-0.12 g.l-1.psu-1. However, the ratios of 238U/salinity in bottom layer water under anoxic condition in summer were lower (0.07-0.09 g.l-1.psu-1) than those in seawater. 238U concentrations in pore water sampled under anoxic conditions were very low (0.05-0.06 g.l-1.psu-1). Moreover, the relationships between the 238U/Al ratios and the Fe/Al ratios of particle substances were strongly correlated. This suggests that uranium in the bottom-layer water may be precipitated to an insoluble form in the anoxic state, and Fe is the major carrier of insoluble uranium.

Restricted access

Summary  

A rapid method was developed using ultrafilters with a tangential flow filtering system for molecular size separation of naturally occurring 210Pb and 210Po in a freshwater sample. Generally, ultrafiltering of a large volume water sample for measuring the nuclides was too time consuming and not practical. The tangential flow filtering system made the filtering time short enough to adapt for in-situ ultrafiltering the large volume sample. In this method, a 20 liter water sample was at first passed through the 0.45mm pore size membrane filter immediately after sample collection to obtain suspended particle matter [>0.45mm particulate fraction (PRT)]. Two ultrafilters (Millipore Pellicon 2Ò) were used sequentially. The nuclides in the filtrate were separated into three fractions: high molecular mass (100 kDa-0.45mm; HMM), low molecular mass (10 k-100 kDa; LMM) and ionic (<10 kDa; INC) fractions. It took 80 minutes to process the sample after collection. The cut-off molecular size of each ultrafilter was confirmed by size exclusion chromatographs (SEC) of the LMN and the HMM fractions. Adsorption of the nuclides and organic compounds in the sample onto the ultrafilters was negligibly small. Good reproducibility of the nuclide concentrations in each fraction was confirmed by repeated experiments. The method was successfully applied to obtaine the molecular size distributions of 210Pb and 210Po in an oligotrophic lake, Lake Towada located in the northern area of Japan.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Fission track /FT/ method and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry /ICP-MS/, that is a new analytical technique for the analysis of trace element, were used for the measurement of240Pu/239Pu ratios in environmental samples. The results obtained by both methods are in agreement within the relative deviation of 9–13%. The precision in ICP-MS was found to be better than in it the FT-method. These methods are applicable to measure the Pu isotopes ratio at low concentration levels in environmental samples.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Intertidal coastal and estuarine sediments from 24 sites in the Irish Sea have been analyzed for99Tc,237Np,238Pu,239,240Pu and241Am. The237Np activity and239Pu/240Pu ratio were measured simultaneously by ICP-MS, and99Tc was determined by HR-ICP-MS which is ten times more sensitive than Q-ICP-MS.The activities of99Tc,237Np,239,240Pu and241Am were distributed over a wide range of 1.5–70.5, 0.01–13.3, 2.3–1589, 2.6–1894 Bq/kg, respectively. Activities of these radionuclides decreased exponentially with distance from the Sellafield source. The241Am/239,240Pu and237Np/239,240Pu ratios were almost constant with distance from the Sellafield. This result suggests that the distribution and behavior of Np and Pu are controlled by complicated factors such as the influence of transport, the variation with time of Np/Pu ratio in the Sellafield discharges and sedimentary mixing processes in the Irish Sea.

Restricted access
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
D. Assinder
,
M. Yamamoto
,
C. Kim
,
R. Seki
,
Y. Takaku
,
Y. Yamauchi
,
S. Igarashi
,
K. Komura
, and
K. Ueno

Abstract  

A survey has been carried out of40K,60Co,99Tc,106Ru,125Sb,129I,134Cs,137Cs,154Eu,226Ra,228Ra,237Np,238Pu,239,240Pu,241Pu,241Am,242Cm, and243,244Cm activities in sediments from the Irish Sea. Several of these radionuclides were measured independently at two separate laboratories to enable the intercomparison of the results produced. The comprehensive data set generated allows the present spatial distributions of these radionuclides in coastal sediments to be examined in relation to sediment textural characteristics and by comparison with earlier survey, enables the temporal trends in their activities to be determined. In general all artificial radionuclides showed lower activities in sediments in response to falling discharges from Sellafield and relationships with either grain size, distance from Sellafield or both. Isotope ratios were similar to cumulative weighted activity ratios rather than present day values due to sediment mixing. Pu levels supplied evidence for the lag in response of sediment deposits with increasing distance from Sellafield due to sediment transport.

Restricted access
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
K. Shiraishi
,
T. Nakajima
,
Y. Takaku
,
A. Tsumura
,
S. Yamasaki
,
I. Los
,
I. Kamarikov
,
M. Buzinny
, and
A. Zelensky

Abstract  

Approximately 100 freshwater samples (ground water, surface water, etc.) collected in the former USSR were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Standard water, NBS SRM 1643b, was used for quality control. By using the semi-quantitative analysis mode, analytical data and certified values (or informative values) were in agreement within ±30%. Concentrations of B, Ni, Se, Sr and Ba were found to be higher than global means. Concentration levels of Ag and Pb tended to be lower. For Be, V, Cr, Mn, Co, Cu, Zn, As, Mo, Cd, Tl, and Bi, the concentrations were almost equal to the global levels.

Restricted access
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
Chang-Kyu Kim
,
A. Takaku
,
M. Yamamoto
,
H. Kawamura
,
K. Shiraishi
,
Y. Igarashi
,
S. Igarashi
,
H. Takayama
, and
N. Ikeda

Abstract  

A new analytical technique using ICP-MS was applied to the determination of237Np in some environmental samples. The accuracy and precision of the new method were assessed by comparison with those of conventional NAA and -spectrometric method as well as by analysis of the intercomparison sample of Ravenglass NRPB silt. The results obtained by ICP-MS were in good agreement with those by NAA or -spectrometry at a relative deviation of 2–9%. The detection limit is 0.02 mBq/ml (26 mBq=1 ng).

Restricted access