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We sharpen Hua’s result by proving that each sufficiently large odd integer N can be written as
The combustion energy of thioproline was determined by the precision rotating-bomb calorimeter at 298.15 K to be Δc U= –2469.301.44 kJ mol–1. From the results and other auxiliary quantities, the standard molar enthalpy of combustion and the standard molar enthalpy of formation of thioproline were calculated to be Δc H m θC4H7NO2S, (s), 298.15 K= –2469.921.44 kJ mol–1 and Δf H m θC4H7NO2S, (s), 298.15K= –401.331.54 kJ mol–1.
Extracts from lo-han-kuo (Siraitia grosvenorii) are of high sweetness and low calories, and they have been widely used as a natural sweetener to reduce the risk of obesity and diabetes. In the current study, lo-han-kuo extracts were extracted using subcritical water under different operation condition. The study revealed that the optimal extracting parameters were: extraction time of 20 min, extraction temperature of 140 °C, and the addition of 15% ethanol. Antioxidant activity, contents of total flavonoids, and total phenolic compounds of lo-han-kuo extracts were also investigated. A mathematical model was established to describe the relationship between antioxidant capacity and content of bioactive components in lo-han-kuo extract, and it was found that antioxidant capacity of the extracts was mainly attributed to the yields of total mogrosides (P<0.05).
In the present paper, a simple and reliable high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) method was developed both for quantitative determination and fingerprint analysis of Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb for quality control. Under the optimized HPLC conditions, seven bioactive compounds including rutin, quercetin-3-rhamnoside, luteoloside, tiliroside, apigenin, kaempferol, and agrimonolide were determined simultaneously. For fingerprint analysis, 11 common peaks were selected as the characteristic peaks to evaluate the similarities of 16 different samples collected from different origins in China. Besides, hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) was also performed to evaluate the variation of the raw materials. This is the first report of using a simple method for quality control of A. pilosa Ledeb through multi-component determination and chromatographic fingerprint analysis to the best of our knowledge.
Comparative investigations of new regenerated cellulosic fibers, bamboo viscose fiber and Tencel, together with conventional viscose fibers have been carried out to explain the similarity and difference in their molecular and fine structure. The analyses jointly using SEM, XRD and IR reveal that all the three fibers belong to cellulose II. Tencel consists of longer molecules and has a greater degree of crystallinity, while bamboo viscose fiber has a lower degree of crystallinty. TG-DTG-DSC study shows three fibers resemble in thermal behavior with a two-step decomposition mode. The first step is associated to water desorption, suggesting that bamboo viscose fiber holds better water retention and release ability, the second a depolymerization and decomposition of regenerated cellulose, indicating that Tencel is more thermally stable in this process than bamboo and conventional viscose fiber.
Polyaniline/multi-walled carbon nanotube (PANI/MWNT) composites were prepared by in situ polymerization. Transmission electron microscope (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) were used to characterize the PANI/MWNT composites. Thermal stability and glass transition temperature (T g) were measured by thermogravimetry (TG) and temperature modulated differential scanning calorimetry (TMDSC), respectively. The TG and derivative thermogravimetry (DTG) curves indicated that with augment of MWNTs content, the thermal stability of PANI/MWNT composites increased continuously. While, T g increased and then decreased with the MWNTs content increasing from 0 to 20 mass%.