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  • Author or Editor: Yan-Zhao Yang x
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Abstract  

The liquid-liquid extraction of uranium(VI) from aqueous nitric acid with n-octyldecylsulfoxide (ODSO) in toluene has been studied over a wide range of conditions. The extracted species appears to be UO2(NO3)2·2ODSO. The extraction increased with increasing nitric acid concentration up to 2.0 mol/l and then decreased. Extraction also increased with increasing extractant concentration. The influence of temperature, salting-out agent concentration and complex anion concentration on the extraction equilibrium were also investigated, and the enthalpy of the extraction reaction was calculated.

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Abstract  

The extraction of uranium(VI) with bis(hexylsulfinyl)methane (BHxSM) from nitric acid aqueous solution has been investigated. It was found that the extraction increased with increasing nitric acid concentration up 8.5 mol/l and then decreased. Extraction distribution ratio also increased with the bis(hexylsulfinyl)methane concentration. The extraction species appear to be UO2(NO3)2 .2BHxSM. The influences of temperature, salting-out concentration and oxalate concentration on the extraction equilibrium were also investigated, and the enthalpy of the extraction reaction was obtained. The result shows that the reaction of uranium(VI) extraction with BHxSM is an exothermic one.

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Abstract  

The thermodynamic extraction of uranium(VI) with hexyloctylsulfoxide (HxOSO) has been studied. It was found that the distribution ratio increases with increasing nitric acid concentration up to 2.3 mol/l and then decreases. The distribution ratio also increases with increasing extractant concentration. The extracted species appears to be UO2(NO3)2 .2HxOSO. The influences of temperature, sodium nitrate and oxalate concentrations on the extraction were also investigated, and the thermodynamic functions of the extraction reaction were obtained.

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Abstract  

The enthalpies of solution of potassium chloride (KCl) in water and magnetically treated water (magnetized water) have been measured at 298.15 K using a LKB-8700 precision solution calorimeter. From the experimental results, it was observed that the effect of magnetic field on the enthalpy of solution is measurable. This is probably due to the distortion of the hydrogen bond of water resulting from magnetic treatment.

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Abstract  

The liquid-liquid extraction behavior of 2-ethylhexyltolylsulfoxide (EHTSO) towards uranium(VI) contained in nitric acid aqueous solution has been investigated. It was found that the extraction increases with increasing nitric acid concentration up to 5.0 mol/l and then decreases. Extraction also increases with increasing extractant concentration. The extracted species appears to be UO2(NO3)2 .2EHTSO. The influences of temperature, NH4NO3 and Na2C2O4 concentrations on the extraction equilibrium were also investigated and the thermodynamic functions of the extraction reaction were obtained.

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The thermal decomposition process of the complex [Cu(NBOCTB)][Cu(NO3)4] H2O has been studied by TG and DTG technique, and possible intermediates of the thermal decomposition have also been conjectured from the TG and DTG curves. The results suggest that the decomposition of the complex involves five steps:

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Abstract  

The effect of diluents on the extraction of uranium(VI) with petroleum sulfoxides (PSO) was studied. The decreasing order of extraction ability of PSO is as follows: benzene, toluene, cyclohexane, heptane, kerosene, carbon tetrachloride and chloroform. The effect of temperature on the extraction equilibrium was also investigated and enthalpy of the extraction was obtained. The relationship between the extraction equilibrium constantsK ex and the physical parameters of diluents can be derived.

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Abstract  

The liquid-liquid extraction of uranium(VI) from aqueous nitric acid with bis(octylsulfinyl)methane (BOSM) has been studied over a wide range of conditions. The extracted species appear to be UO2(NO3)2·2BOSM. It was found that the extraction increased with increasing nitric acid concentration up to 8.5 mol/l and then descreased. Extraction also increased with increasing extractant concentration. The influence of temperature and salting-out agent concentration on the extraction equilibrium has also been investigated, and the enthalpy of the extraction reaction was estimated.

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Abstract  

The liquid-liquid extraction behavior of uranium(VI) from aqueous nitric acid with bis(octylsulfinyl)ethane (BOSE) in 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane has been studied over a wide range of conditions. The extracted species appears to be UO2(NO3)2·2BOSE. It was found that the extraction increases with increasing nitric acid concentration up to 7 mol/l and then decreased. Extraction also increases with increasing extractant concentration. The influence of temperature and salting-out agent concentration on the extraction equilibrium and stripping of uranium(VI) was also investigated and the enthalpy of the extraction reaction was obtained.

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Abstract  

The synergic extraction of uranium(VI) from nitric acid solution with a mixture of bis(octylsulfinyl)ethane (BOSE) and petroleum sulfoxides (PSO) in 1,1,2,2- tetrachloroethane has been studied. The composition of the complex of the synergic extraction is UO2(NO3)2·BOSE·PSO. The formation constant of the complex is K PT = 4.44±0.23. The effect of extractant concentration, nitric acid concentration, salting-out agent concentration and temperature on the extraction equilibrium of uranium(VI) is also studied and the enthalpy of the extraction reaction is calculated. It has been found that the maximum synergic extraction effect occurs if the molar ratio of PSO to BOSE is one to one.

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