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Abstract  

High surface area, ordered nanoporous carbon (CMK-3) and its chelating polymer composites were successfully prepared and utilized for the removal of U(VI) from aqueous solutions. Carboxymethylated polyethyleneimine (CMPEI) with a strong chelating property was introduced to the pore surface and inner pores of CMK-3 substrate. CMPEI-modified CMK-3 composite (CMPEI/CMK-3) was characterized by scanning electron microscopy and nitrogen sorption. U(VI) sorption capacity was significantly improved by the surface modification of CMK-3 by CMPEI. The CMPEI/CMK-3 showed enormously increased sorption capacities, compared with those of previous sorbents (e.g., surface-functionalized silicas). In particular, the CMPEI/CMK-3 showed a significantly high uranium retention property while allowing only about 1% U(VI) to leach out over a 4 month time period, when treated with polyacrylic acid.

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Abstract  

The spontaneous reduction of Eu3+ to Eu2+ was examined when EuCl3 was added into a pyroprocessing media of LiCl molten salt at 923 K. The amount of Eu2+ was calculated by measuring the total charge consumed to oxidize Eu2+ ions to Eu3+ ions. The concentration ratio of Eu2+ to Eu3+ was estimated to be about 0.40 in the media. In addition, it is confirmed that the reduction of Eu3+ to Eu2+ is caused by the oxidation power of Cl to Cl2. The coexistence of Eu3+ and Eu2+ in the LiCl molten salt system was examined by UV–Visible and luminescence spectroscopy. The molar absorptivities of Eu3+ and Eu2+, calculated from UV–Visible absorption spectra, were 423 and 1954 M−1 cm−1, respectively.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: Tack-Jin Kim, Yongju Jung, Joon-Bo Shim, Si-Hyung Kim, Seungwoo Paek, Kwang-Rak Kim, Do-Hee Ahn, and Hansoo Lee

Abstract  

In order to enhance the efficiency of pyrochemical technology, especially electrorefining process, physicochemical data of trivalent uranium in LiCl–KCl eutectic at 773 K were measured, including molar absorptivity, formal potential and diffusion coefficient of U3+ ions. The molar absorptivities of U3+ were determined to be 765 ± 48 and 686 ± 39 M−1 cm−1 at 465 and 550 nm, respectively. The formal potential of U3+/U4+ redox couple and diffusion coefficient of U3+ ions were measured to be −0.308 V vs. Ag/Ag+ and 8.7 × 10−6 M−1 cm−1, respectively. To elucidate the chemical behavior of U3+ ions under the existence of oxide ions, U3+ ions were reacted with oxides ions in situ produced at the LiCl–KCl media. Surprisingly, it was revealed from XRD patterns that UO2 was formed from the reaction between U3+ ions and O2− ions with the molar ratio of 1:1.

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